Key Text: “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness... So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” (Genesis 1:1, 26a, 27, NKJV)
Objectives: The purpose of this Intro lessons is to investigate/ establish the timeline as to when Man was created. Hopefully these materials will help you in your diligence study and accuracy of God’s word. Opening Remarks: “Even though “theology” literally means “a discussion or study of God,” man is one of its most important subjects. God revealed Himself as the Father of the human race (Matt. 6:9), through a Son who is not ashamed to claim human beings as His brothers and sisters (Heb. 2:11), and in the Spirit who takes humanity as His abode (1 Cor. 6:19).” [Handbook of Seventh Day Adventist Theology, p. 205].
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS.
[Q1] Who created the Angels? Jesus Christ— • “For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him.” (Colossians 1:16, NKJV) • “Praise the LORD! Praise the LORD from the heavens; Praise Him in the heights! Praise Him, all His angels; Praise Him, all His hosts! Praise Him, sun and moon; Praise Him, all you stars of light! Praise Him, you heavens of heavens, And you waters above the heavens! Let them praise the name of the LORD, For He commanded and they were created.” (Psalm 148:1–5, NKJV)
[Q2] When did God create the Angels? Sometime before the world was created (Gen 1:1).
• “Trying to determine when God created the angels is somewhat tricky because anything God did “before the foundation of the world” puts the event outside of time itself. Time and space are characteristics of our world, not God’s. He is not limited by hours, days and years as we are. In fact, the Bible tells us that “with the Lord a day is like a thousand years, and a thousand years are like a day” (2 Peter 3:8).”
• “We do know that God created the angels before he created the physical universe. The book of Job describes the angels worshipping God as He was creating the world: “Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundation? Tell me, if you understand. Who marked off its dimensions? Surely you know! Who stretched a measuring line across it? On what were its footings set, or who laid its cornerstone—while the morning stars sang together and all the angels shouted for joy?” (Job 38:4–7).
• “If we consider the function of angels, we might conclude that God created the angels just prior to the creation of mankind because one of their duties is to be “ministering spirits sent to serve those who will inherit salvation” (Hebrews 1:14). We also know they existed prior to the Garden of Eden, because Satan, who was formerly the angel Lucifer, was already present in the Garden in his fallen state. However, because another function of angels is to worship God around His throne (Revelation 5:11–14), they may have been in existence millions of years—as we reckon time—before God created the world, worshipping Him and serving Him.”
• “So, although the Bible does not specifically say when God created the angels, it was sometime before the world was created. Whether this was a day before, or billions of years before—again, as we reckon time—we cannot be sure.” [Got Questions Ministries, Got Questions? Bible Questions Answered, (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2002–2013)].
[Q3] What are the similarities and differences between Angels and Humans? • “God created angels and humans to be different beings, and they were created at separate moments in time. Angels are not the spirits of deceased humans. Angels do not become humans, and humans do not become angels. Their distinctions remain throughout eternity. Both are created beings, finite beings, and limited beings, dependent on God for continued existence. Both are accountable to God for their actions and limited in their abilities and position (Matt. 24:36; John 16:11; 1 Cor. 6:3; Heb. 9:27). Both have full personality including intellect, will, and emotion; and both are capable of a direct relationship with God. But angels are also different from humans.” • “Angels have different natures and are a different order of being (Heb. 2:5–7). Angels are invisible and do not marry, procreate, or die (Matt. 22:28–30; Luke 20:36). Angels are spirit (Heb. 1:14), and they do not have bodies, ethnicity, or gender (though in their appearances to humans, they appear with both). Humans are both spirit and body (James 2:26). Angels are also greater in intelligence, strength, and swiftness (2 Peter 2:11). It is important to remember the similarities and differences, especially when considering depictions of angels in the arts, popular culture, and various religious movements. Sentimentality should never usurp Scripture!” [H. Wayne House and Timothy J. Demy, Answers to Common Questions about Angels & Demons, (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 2011), 20–21].
[Q4] Who created Man? Jesus Christ— Humans did not evolved as some teach. Adam came directly from the hands of God. He was uniquely created by God. • “To call the historicity or reality of the Genesis creation account into question is to call into question these other Scripture writers. Allowing the sola-tota-prima Scriptura principle of interpretation to function, we are able to determine the veracity of the Genesis account. Therefore, Genesis is not subject to any external critique, whether it be Near Eastern creation stories or modern evolutionary theory, for the Genesis creation account is subject to the testimony of Scripture. Scripture states that humans were created by God through Jesus Christ (John 1:1–4, 14; Col. 1:15–17; Heb. 1:1–2), and also says the humanity of Jesus was “created” by the Holy Spirit through Mary (Matt. 1:20).” [Norman R. Gulley, Systematic Theology: Creation, Christ, Salvation, (Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 2012), 79].
[Q5] So, when was Man created? Can you establish the timeline? This is what we can gather from the Bible:
With regard to the Creation of Angels:
(1) Angels were created by Christ— (Psa. 148:1–5; Col. 1:16). Angels were created perhaps billions of years ago before the creation of our planet (Job 38:4–11).
(2) If all the Angels, [the morning stars] “sang together” and “shouted for joy” (Job 38:7) when God “laid the earth’s foundation,” then they must have been around (in existence) before Adam and Eve were created.
(3) Isaiah 14 and Ezekiel 28 speak of Lucifer (the leader of one third of the fallen Angels) who rebelled against God and was thrown out (with the rebellious Angels) from Heaven to the planet Earth: “And his tail swept [across the sky] and dragged away a third of the stars of heaven and flung them to the earth.” (Rev. 12:4, AMP). We know that He came to tempt Man in the garden. He must have been around before Man was created.
With regard to the Creation of Man.
(1) There is an absolute beginning of time with regard to this World and it surrounding heavenly spheres (Gen 1:1).
(2) God created the Heavens and Earth (Gen 1:1), but they are “unformed” and “unfilled” [tōhû and bōhû] – (Gen 2:2).
(3) During the first four days of the Creation Week, God gave “form” to the formless earth.
(4) During the fifth and sixth of these six days, God “filled” the empty earth.
(5) At the close of the sixth day, God had the preparation He needed to bring Adam on board. “Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”(Genesis 1:26, NKJV) God had the Earth ready for the occupancy of man, whom He then created. “So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” (Genesis 1:27, NKJV)
(6) At the end of creation week, the heavens and earth are finally finished (Genesis 2:1). What God began in verse 1 is now completed.
(7) God rests on the seventh day, blessing and sanctifying it as a memorial of creation (Gen 2:1–4).
DEVOTIONAL IMPLICATION: “The Genesis creation record differentiates between Christ as Elohim (transcendent, omnipotent God) who creates (bārāʾ) by speaking things into existence in Genesis 1:3, 6, 9, 11, 14, 20, 24, 26, and His added name Yahweh (imminent, covenant God), the Christ who forms (yāṣar) humans in Genesis 2. Yahweh is only added to Elohim in Genesis 2:4, after which Yahweh Elohim is the name for Christ throughout the rest of Genesis 2.” “Yahweh Elohim is the powerful Christ who creates humans up close and personal—in a way distinct from His creation of all the rest of created reality in Genesis 1. There is an important reason for this addition to Christ’s name. As the all-powerful transcendent God, He spoke all created realities into existence (Gen. 1:3–2:3). But as the Yahweh Elohim, He drew close and formed Adam and breathed the breath of life into him (Gen. 2:7); He then created Eve from a rib taken from Adam (Gen. 2:20b–23). The contrast emphasizes the stark distinction between the way humans and the rest of creation were created by Christ. Humans are singled out as unique, just as their being made in the image of God is unique (Gen. 1:26–27). They were not merely the final product of a process, but a hands-on creation by Yahweh Elohim. Evolutionary naturalism doesn’t do justice to this distinction given in the biblical creation record.” [Norman R. Gulley, Systematic Theology: Creation, Christ, Salvation, (Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 2012), 82–83].
THE GOSPEL’S VOICE: “What is man that You are mindful of him, And the son of man that You visit him? For You have made him a little lower than the angels, And You have crowned him with glory and honor. You have made him to have dominion over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet,” (Psalm 8:4–6, NKJV) “Think of it: we are less than tiny dots on the face of the universe. In proportion to God’s vast creation, every one of us is smaller than a single grain of sand on the shore. But God loves us! Of all His creation—what we can see and the myriads of galaxies that are beyond even our most advanced instruments—we have been specially selected to be the recipients of God’s favor and care. Of the trillions and trillions of stars in the heavens, we are merely specks on one star, yet we have been singled out to know God and to be the objects of His great, immeasurable love” [Leadership Ministries Worldwide, Psalms: Chapters 1–41, The Preacher’s Outline & Sermon Bible, (Chattanooga, TN: Leadership Ministries Worldwide, 2013), I: 79]. May the LORD help us to acknowledge Him as the Creator, but most importantly, get to know Jesus Christ intimately and the love which He had for us from the beginning of time. Listen to Paul’s prayer to the Ephesians, and believe these words are for us too: “that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; that you, being rooted and grounded in love, may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the width and length and depth and height—to know the love of Christ which passes knowledge; that you may be filled with all the fullness of God.” (Ephesians 3:17–19, NKJV)
ACTION STEP: What response do you think this lesson should inspires us to do?  Be Thankful—For God’s condescension toward humankind: “What is man that You should magnify him and think him important? And that You should set Your mind upon him?” (Job 7:17, AMP)  Consider Man’s exalted position over other creation (Ps. 8:5-8). This should revive a sense of devotion/ praise to Him: “What is man that You are mindful of him, And the son of man that You visit him?” (Psalm 8:4, NKJV);  Praise God for His grace, provision and sustenance: “Then King David went in and sat before the LORD; and he said: “Who am I, O Lord GOD? And what is my house, that You have brought me this far?” (2 Samuel 7:18, NKJV) “LORD, what is man, that You take knowledge of him? Or the son of man, that You are mindful of him?” (Psalm 144:3, NKJV)  Accept the LORD Jesus Christ as your Creator, Redeemer, and Saviour (Ephesians 3:17–19)
Have a Blessed Day: “For You have made him a little lower than the angels, And You have crowned him with glory and honor. You have made him to have dominion over the works of Your hands; You have put all things under his feet, All sheep and oxen— Even the beasts of the field, The birds of the air, And the fish of the sea That pass through the paths of the seas.” (Psalm 8:5–8, NKJV)
The Gospel’s Voice/ Bible Study Guide/ Doctrines/ An Introduction to Anthropology (The Doctrine of Man)/ Lesson # 1.