42-BSG-2 (Luke 2)

Bible Study Guide.
Luke 2
March 12, 2018
42-BSG-2

PRAYER: Father, we thank You for the Bible. We invite Your Spirit to teach us the richness of Your Truth in this chapter. Forgive us Lord, we pray. Prepare us for Thy kingdom. We ask these things in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Chapter Overview:
Characters: Jesus, Caesar, Augustus, Cyrenius, Joseph, Mary, Moses, Simeon, Anna.
Key Words: Glad Tidings, Lk 2:10.
Strong Verses: Lk 2:10, 49.

Biblical People/Groups:
[1] Mary (mother of Jesus), Lk 1:27-31, 34-36, 39-49, 56.
[2] Shepherds at Christ’s birth
[3] Joseph (Mary’s husband)

Biblical Places:
[1] Nazareth, Lk 1:26,
[2] Jerusalem
[3] Bethlehem of Judea

Biblical Things:
[1] Record,
[2] Manger,
[3] Jewish Temple,

Biblical Events:
[1] Caesar decrees a censure,
[2] Jesus is born in Bethlehem,
[3] Angels appear to shepherds,
[4] Shepherds visit Jesus,
[5] Jesus is circumcised,
[6] Mary and Joseph present Jesus at the Temple,
[7] Jesus returns from Egypt to Nazareth,
[8] Jesus spend His childhood in Nazareth,
[9] Young Jesus visits the Temple,
[10] Jesus spends 18 years in Nazareth,

Summary of Main Points:
[1] Joseph and Mary go to Bethlehem, to be enrolled there, according to the decree of Augustus, Lk 2:1-5.
[2] Jesus is there born and laid in a manger, Lk 2:6-7.
[3] An angel makes this known to shepherds; and the heavenly host praise God in their hearing, Lk 2:8-14.
[4] The shepherds, finding it to be as the angel had said, report these transactions, and glorify God, Lk 2:15-20.
[5] Jesus is circumcised, Lk 2:21;
[6] Jesus is presented at the temple, with the accustomed sacrifice of the poor, for the purifying of Mary, Lk 2:22-24.
[7] Simeon’s prophecy concerning Baby Jesus, Lk 2:25-22-35;
[8] Anna’s prophecy concerning Baby Jesus Lk 2:36-38.
[9] Jesus grows, and increases in wisdom, Lk 2:39-40.
[10] At twelve years of age He goes with his parents to Jerusalem and hears and asks questions of the doctors in the temple, Lk 2:41-50.
[11] He returns to Nazareth, and is subject to his parents, Lk 2:51-52.


 

SECTION I: QUESTIONS & ANSWERS.

[1] Who was Caesar Augustus? The first emperor of Rome.

[2] What does the term “all the world” in this account include? The Roman empire, which then included nearly all the known or civilized world.

[3] What is meant by the “taxing” of Luke 2:1? More exactly, enrollment, or census; but probably made for some purpose of taxation.

[4] When was Jesus born? (Lk 2:1-2, 5)

[5] Where was Jesus born? In Bethlehem of Judea, where Joseph and Mary had gone for the enrollment, as they were descended from David. Luke 2:3, 4.

[6] How was the prophecy of the location of the birth of Jesus fulfilled? (Lk 2:4; Micah 5:2)

  • Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David,” (Luke 2:4, NKJV)
  • ““But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Though you are little among the thousands of Judah, Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth are from of old, From everlasting.”” (Micah 5:2, NKJV)

[7] Where in Bethlehem was he born? In a stable, or a cave used for cattle, “because there was no room for them in the inn.” Luke 2:7.

[8] What was Jesus’ cradle? A manger in the stable. “A trough out of which animals were fed. This may imply that they were in a barn of some sort, but a house is a stronger possibility; animals were often kept indoors at night in the house’s lower level.” (Faithlife Study Bible)

[9] What are “swaddling clothes”? Long pieces of cloth which were wrapped closely around the child, to keep it straight.

[10] To whom was Jesus’ first advent announced, and by whom? To shepherds in the fields by Bethlehem, by angels. Luke 2:8–20.

[11] What did the angel say to the shepherds regarding Jesus? “Then the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy which will be to all people. For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.” (Luke 2:10–11, NKJV)

[12] Where did the shepherds find Jesus? “And they came with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the Babe lying in a manger.” (Luke 2:16, NKJV)

[13] What was the “song of the angels” at this time? “Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace, goodwill toward men!” (Luke 2:14, NKJV)

[14] What was done for Jesus when he was forty days old? He was presented in the temple, according to the Jewish law. See Lev. 12:6–8.

[15] At what ceremony did Jesus receive his name? The Circumcision, (Luke 2:21) It was done on the eighth day as prescribed by Yahweh and the law (Gen 17:12; Lev 12:3).

[16] What sign of the poverty of Joseph and Mary was there in this service? They brought two young pigeons, the offering of the poorest. Luke 2:24.

[17] Whom did they meet in the temple? Simeon and Anna, both of whom had for years been watching for the coming of the Christ. Luke 2:25–38.

[18] What two older people recognized Jesus as Christ in the temple? Simeon, and Anna. (Lk 2:25,36)

[19] Why was Jesus presented (not baptized) in the temple? Because infant baptism is unbiblical. Mary and Joseph “brought in the Child Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of the law,” (Luke 2:27, NKJV)

[20] What did Simeon say to Mary regarding her son? “Then Simeon blessed them, and said to Mary His mother, “Behold, this Child is destined for the fall and rising of many in Israel, and for a sign which will be spoken against (yes, a sword will pierce through your own soul also), that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.”” (Luke 2:34–35, NKJV) Note: this is a portion of Simeon’s prophecy.

[21] What song did Simeon sing? The “Nunc Dimittis:” “Lord, now You are letting Your servant depart in peace, According to Your word; For my eyes have seen Your salvation which You have prepared before the face of all peoples, A light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, And the glory of Your people Israel.” (Luke 2:29–32, NKJV)

[22] What is the only event recorded in the Bible regarding the boyhood of Jesus? “His parents went to Jerusalem every year at the Feast of the Passover. And when He was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem according to the custom of the feast.” (Luke 2:41–42, NKJV)

[23] Is it possible today to only suppose Jesus is in your company? (Discussion) “When they had finished the days, as they returned, the Boy Jesus lingered behind in Jerusalem. And Joseph and His mother did not know it; but supposing Him to have been in the company, they went a day’s journey, and sought Him among their relatives and acquaintances.” (Luke 2:43–44, NKJV)

[24] What was the reaction of those who heard him in the Temple? “And all who heard Him were astonished at His understanding and answers.” (Luke 2:47, NKJV)

[25] What was the reply of Jesus when Mary said, “son, why have You done this to us?”

“So when they saw Him, they were amazed; and His mother said to Him, “Son, why have You done this to us? Look, Your father and I have sought You anxiously.” And He said to them, “Why did you seek Me? Did you not know that I must be about My Father’s business?” (Luke 2:48–49, NKJV)

[26] What further demonstrate Jesus’ total obedience to Joseph and Mary? “Then He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them, but His mother kept all these things in her heart.” (Luke 2:51, NKJV)

[27] In what four ways did Jesus grow? “And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.” (Luke 2:52, NKJV)


SECTION II: STRIKING FACTS/ TRUTH TO BELIEVE.

[1] What significance is Mary’s “first born” son as used in Lk 2:7?

“And she brought forth her firstborn Son, and wrapped Him in swaddling cloths, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.” (Luke 2:7, NKJV)

“Luke carefully noted that Jesus was Mary’s firstborn (prōtotokos), not her only (monogenēs) son (cf. his use of monogenēs to refer to an only child in Lk 7:12; 8:42; 9:38). The teaching of the Roman Catholic Church that Jesus was Mary’s only child and that she remained a perpetual virgin until her death, is clearly a denial of Scripture. Matthew 1:25 says that Joseph “kept her a virgin until she gave birth to a Son” (emphasis added). That strongly implies that after Christ’s birth, they had normal marital relations. It is also revealed that Mary gave birth to other children, Jesus’ half brothers and sisters (Matt. 12:46–47; 13:55–56; John 2:12; 7:3, 5, 10; Acts 1:14). As the firstborn, Jesus had the primary right to the family inheritance (cf. Gen. 43:33; Deut. 21:15–17; 1 Chron. 5:1; 2 Chron. 21:3). Joseph was not wealthy and had no great estate to bequeath to his firstborn son. But what he did pass along was the right to the throne of Israel (Matt. 1:1–16).” (John MacArthur, The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Luke 1–5 / Luke 2:6–7)

[2] Circumcised at 8 day’s age.
“And when eight days were completed for the circumcision of the Child, His name was called JESUS, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb.” (Luke 2:21, NKJV)

“To Abraham “the sign of circumcision” was “a seal” of the “righteousness” which was his by “faith” (Rom. 4:11). Circumcision represented admission to the privileges and responsibilities of the covenant relationship; it was a pledge of obedience. Now Christ, the Author of the covenant and of its visible sign, the rite of circumcision (PP 373, 396), undergoes the rite and thus comes under the terms of the covenant represented by it. He was born “under the law” (Gal. 4:4) and submitted to its requirements.” (SDA BC vol. 5/ Luke 2:21)

[3] Great theologians ware astonished at Jesus’ wisdom and understanding: “And all who heard Him were astonished at His understanding and answers.” (Luke 2:47, NKJV)

[4] I must be in My Father’s business. (Luke 2:49) “Jesus’ staying behind was not an act of disobedience to His parents, nor was it irresponsibility on their part. They had never before known Him to do anything other than what they had expected Him to do. He was responsible, obedient, sensitive, thoughtful; in every way sinlessly perfect. This act, however, marked a transition. Jesus was moving from responsibility to His earthly parents to responsibility to God.” (John MacArthur, The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Luke 1–5 / Luke 2:49)

[5] “And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature, and in favor with God and men.” (Luke 2:52, NKJV)

“This summary statement reveals all that is known about the eighteen years Jesus spent in Nazareth from the age of twelve to the beginning of His public ministry at the age of thirty (3:23). Increasing translates a form of the verb prokoptō, which means “to progress” or “to advance.” In the unfathomable mystery of the incarnation, when Jesus “emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and [was] made in the likeness of men” (Phil. 2:7), and was “found in appearance as a man” (v. 8), He was subject to the normal process of human growth and development. Jesus grew in wisdom as His intellectual grasp of divine truth increased, physically in stature, and spiritually in favor with God, strengthened by His victories over the assaults of temptation (Heb. 4:15). The reference to His finding favor with man describes His increasing social maturity and the respect He commanded.” (John MacArthur, The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Luke 1–5 / Luke 2:52)

[6] Christ humility seen even in those early days of His life.
The Biblical record indicates that, after the temple’s visit, “He went down with them (His parents) and came to Nazareth, and was subject to them, but His mother kept all these things in her heart.” (Luke 2:51, NKJV)

“Joseph and Mary did not fully understand the profound statement which Jesus had made to them. They understood that He was the Messiah, the Son of David, conceived in a virgin’s womb by the power of the Holy Spirit. But the full meaning of His divine sonship eluded them. This would not be the last time that His followers would fail to grasp what Jesus was saying (cf. Luke 9:44–45; 18:34; John 10:6; 12:16).”

“But the time for Jesus to leave His parents’ authority had not yet arrived, so He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and He continued in subjection to them. His relationship with His heavenly Father did not yet abrogate His responsibility to obey His earthly parents. His obedience to the fifth commandment was an essential part of Jesus’ perfect obedience to the law of God.”

“Here was the first fulfillment of Simeon’s warning to Mary in 2:35, as she treasured all these things in her heart. She had much to think about as she pondered Jesus’ amazing reply. Mary had to realize that her Son was her Savior, and she would have to exchange her parental authority over Him for His divine authority over her. The sword would pierce her heart again later in her last appearance in Luke’s gospel (Lk 8:19–21), when Jesus distanced Himself from His human relationship with her and His siblings (cf. Lk 11:27–28). Ultimately, the sword would pierce Mary’s heart as she watched her Son suffer and die on the cross.” (John MacArthur, The MacArthur New Testament Commentary, Luke 1–5 / Luke 2:41-51)


 

SECTION III: APPLICATION.

What must I do with this chapter? In order to answer this question, we are going to examine the following application segments, one item at a time.

GOD’S CHARACTER

[1] God is Omnipotent.
[2] God is Merciful.
[3] God is All-Knowing.
[4] God is Perfect.

ATTITUDE TO CULTIVATE

[1] The Shepherds’ Faith
“So it was, when the angels had gone away from them into heaven, that the shepherds said to one another, “Let us now go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has come to pass, which the Lord has made known to us.”” (Luke 2:15, NKJV)

Life Principle # 1: Faith requires actions. Genuine faith must be backed up with actions.

  • What does it profit, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but does not have works? Can faith save him?” (James 2:14, NKJV)
  • “For as the body without the spirit is dead, so faith without works is dead also.” (James 2:26, NKJV)

[2] Finding Jesus: The Shepherds (Lk 2:16)

There are two sorts of persons noted for finding out Christ more eminently than others, the Shepherds before all others after He was born, and Mary Magdalen the first of all men and women, as far as we read, after His resurrection. The shepherds were vouchsafed their blessing, because they watched by night, a hard task if you consider the time of the year; and Mary was so prosperous because she rose very early in the morning to seek her Lord. It is hard to say whether ever she slept one wink for care and grief, since the Passion of our Savior; and God knows who shall be the first that finds Him at His second coming in Glory, when He shall come also like a thief in the night; but whosoever he be, this I am sure of, he must be none of them that sleep in gluttony (that are heavy with surfeiting and drunkenness, with chambering and wantonness, he must watch or be fit to waken to find the Lord. (Bishop Hacker.)

[3] Proclaiming the goodness about Jesus.
“Now when they had seen Him, they made widely known the saying which was told them concerning this Child. And all those who heard it marveled at those things which were told them by the shepherds.” (Luke 2:17–18, NKJV)

[4] Dedicating our little ones to the Lord.
“Now when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were completed, they brought Him to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord (as it is written in the law of the Lord, “Every male who opens the womb shall be called holy to the LORD”), and to offer a sacrifice according to what is said in the law of the Lord, “A pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.”” (Luke 2:22–24, NKJV)

[5] Simeon: Coming by the Spirit into God’s Temple.
“So he came by the Spirit into the temple” (Luke 2:27a, NKJV)

[6] Anna: a prophetess, an 84 yrs. old, who did not depart from the Temple.
“Now there was one, Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was of a great age, and had lived with a husband seven years from her virginity; and this woman was a widow of about eighty-four years, who did not depart from the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day. And coming in that instant she gave thanks to the Lord, and spoke of Him to all those who looked for redemption in Jerusalem.” (Luke 2:36–38, NKJV)

[7] Serving God with Fastings and Prayers Night and Day.
I like to share my fellow pastor’s profile comments, it reads: “If the strength spent in talking were devoted to prayer, you would receive spiritual strength & make melody in your heart to God.”—2T 434 (Pr. Ken Z)

[8] Character Development:
And the Child grew and became strong in spirit, filled with wisdom; and the grace of God was upon Him.” (Luke 2:40, NKJV)

[9] Seeking Jesus, a 3 days’ journey.
“So when they did not find Him, they returned to Jerusalem, seeking Him.” (Luke 2:45, NKJV)

[10] Significance of Bible Study (from the horses’ mouth)
(a) Jesus: Found in the Temple.
(b) Jesus: Sitting in the midst of teachers.
(c) Jesus: Listening attentively.
(d) Jesus: Asking questions.

How many times have we dodge Bible study sessions? How many times we are not even interested in reading what has been already prepared for us? How can we come to a full understanding of the Light of the World, if we do not have a passion for His holy Word? Heavens help us!

COMMAND(S) TO OBEY

[1] “Fear not” (Luke 2:10). This command was also given Zacharias (Luke 1:13) and Mary (Luke 1:30) when the angel gave them Divine announcements.

PRAISE/ THANKSGIVING

[1] Jesus: A good tidings of Great Joy.
“Then the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy which will be to all people.” (Luke 2:10, NKJV). Jesus is the Heavens’ answer; the heavenly gift “to all people” i.e., to whosoever will. Praise God for Jesus.

[2] God’s faithfulness in keeping His promises: “For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord.” (Luke 2:11, NKJV)

[3] Praise God for signs of the time He has given us:

  • The 1st Advent sign: “And this will be the sign to you: You will find a Babe wrapped in swaddling cloths, lying in a manger.”” (Luke 2:12, NKJV)
  • The 2nd Advent sign: ““Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And He will send His angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.” (Matthew 24:29–31, NKJV)

[4] The Heavenly Choir: “And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying: “Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace, goodwill toward men!”” (Luke 2:13–14, NKJV)

[5] Glorifying God for all the things we have seen, read, and heard: “Then the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told them.” (Luke 2:20, NKJV)

[6] Holy Spirit’s ministry: The Reveler of all Truth. “And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ.” (Luke 2:26, NKJV)

[7] Simon’s prayer of Thanksgiving. “So he came by the Spirit into the temple. And when the parents brought in the Child Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of the law, he took Him up in his arms and blessed God and said: “Lord, now You are letting Your servant depart in peace, According to Your word; For my eyes have seen Your salvation Which You have prepared before the face of all peoples, A light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, And the glory of Your people Israel.”” (Luke 2:27–32, NKJV)

INSTRUCTIONS FOR DAILY LIFE

[1] Prayer
[2] Obedience
[3] Bible study

EXAMPLE TO FOLLOW

[1] Be like Simeon: A “just and devout” man. (Luke 2:25a, NKJV)
[2] Be like Simeon: “Wait for the consolation of Israel” – spiritual Israel. (Luke 2:25b, NKJV)
[3] Be like Simeon: Let the Holy Spirit be upon you (Luke 2:25c, NKJV)

PROMISE TO CLAIM

DEVOTIONAL NUGGET: The Savior and the Manger.

Christ’s birth overshadowed His life. His very coming into the world was a heavy prophecy of sorrow.

I. Born A Helpless Unknowing Babe. Unable to do anything; He was mocked in the hour of His Passion; as being weak and foolish; as one unable to reply to Herod and to Pilate (Isaiah 53:17). The burden of our nature was laid upon Him all through His earthly life, which was one long course of sacrifice for others. The weak and suffering are often the workers of the world.

II. Born Without A Dwelling. “No room for Him in the inn”; whilst living, no home for Him in Jerusalem or elsewhere (Matthew 8:20). In death He had no tomb or sepulchre of His own. Quite possible to do a mighty work for the world, and yet have no lot or portion in it.

III. Born In Darkness. Just after midnight; died in darkness “over the whole land,” just after midday. The Light of the world came into it at dark, to make it bright with His presence, which presence being taken away, left it dark again. Type of a soul once enlightened, fallen away into the darkness of sin (Matthew 6:23).

IV. Born On A Hard Couch. Born in a stable, laid in a manger, He died extended and reposing upon the bitter couch of the cross. A birth, life, and death in hardship. This world a school of discipline to holy souls.

V. Born Between Two Animals. The ox and the ass were with Him at His birth. He was compelled to breathe out His soul between two thieves, and during His life He received sinners. Conclusion: Every life repeats itself. Marvellous concord between Jesus Christ the Child and Jesus Christ the Man, the manger and the cross, the beginning and the end. (M. Faber.)

 

THE GOSPEL’S VOICE.

(Would you please hear the Lord’s voice, and be ready)

“Watch therefore, for you do not know what hour your Lord is coming. But know this, that if the master of the house had known what hour the thief would come, he would have watched and not allowed his house to be broken into. Therefore you also be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.” (Matthew 24:42–44, NKJV)

 

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