42-BSG-4 (Luke 4)

Bible Study Guide.
42-BSG-4 (Luke 4)
March 14, 2018

PRAYER: Father in heaven, we thank You for Your Holy Word. Before we consider this chapter, we invite Your Spirit to lead and guide us. Forgive us Lord, and prepare us for Your kingdom. We thank You, and we ask these things in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Chapter Overview.
Characters: Jesus, Holy Spirit, Satan, Joseph, Elias, Eliseus, Naaman.
Key Word: Temptation, Lk 4:2. Fame, Lk 4:14, 32, 36, 37, 40.
Strong Verses: Lk 4:4, 8, 12.

Biblical People:
(a) Jesus • Lk 4:1–9, 12–17, 20–25, 29–32, 34–5:5; etc.
(b) People in Nazareth • Lk 4:20–25, 28–30; Mt 2:23; 13:54, 56–58; Mk 6:2–4, 6; etc.
(c) Evil Spirit in Capernaum • Lk 4:33–35; Mk 1:23–26; etc.

Biblical Places:
(a) Nazareth • Lk 4:16, 23, 29, 34; Mt 2:23; 4:13; 9:27; 13:54; 14:13; 21:11; etc.
(b) Capernaum • Lk 4:23, 31, 37; Mt 4:13; 8:5; 9:1; 11:20, 23; 13:53; 17:24; etc.
(c) Israel • Lk 4:25, 27, Ge 34:7, 7, 49:7, 7, 24, 24, Ex 12:19, 48; 23:26, 33; 34:24; etc.

Biblical Things:
(a) Synagogue • Lk 4:15–16, 20, 28, 33, 38, 44; Mt 4:23; 6:2, 5; 9:35; etc.
(b) Scroll • Lk 4:17, 20, Ge 5:1; Ex 17:14; 24:7; 32:32–33; Nu 5:23; etc.
(c) Rock • Lk 4:3, 11, Ge 11:3; 28:11; 29:2–3, 8, 10; 31:46; 35:14; Ex 4:25; etc.

BIBLICAL EVENTS
Events occurring:
(a) Satan tempts Jesus in the desert • Lk 4:1–13
(b) Jesus leaves Judea for Galilee • Lk 4:14
(c) Jesus begins preaching in Galilee • Lk 4:14–15
(d) Jesus is rejected at Nazareth (Luke) • Lk 4:16–30
(e) Jesus teaches with authority in Capernaum • Lk 4:31–37
(f) Jesus heals Peter’s mother-in-law • Lk 4:38–39
(g) Jesus heals many in Capernaum • Lk 4:40–41
(h) Jesus prays alone • Lk 4:42–43
(i) Jesus makes his first tour of Galilee • Lk 4:44

Events mentioned:
(a) Elijah helps the widow of Zarephath • 1 Ki 17:7–16 (Lk 4:25–26)
(b) Elisha heals Naaman’s leprosy • 2 Ki 5:1–19 (Lk 4:27)

Summary of Main Points:
[1] Jesus fasts forty days, being tempted by the devil, and overcomes all His temptations, Lk 4:1-13.
[2] He preaches in Galilee with great fame, Lk 4:14, 15.
[3] He goes to Nazareth: and while His words excite admiration, the citizens are so offended, that they seek to kill Him; but he avoids them by miracle, Lk 4:16-30.
[4] He casts out an unclean spirit, Lk 4:31-37.
[5] He heals Peter’s wife’s mother, Lk 4:38-39.
[6] He works many other miracles, Lk 4:40-41.
[7] He preaches through the cities of Galilee, Lk 4:42-44.

SECTION I: BIBLICAL THEMES (LUKE 4).

Luke 4:1–13 [Satan tempts Jesus]
Themes (See below under “Instructions for Daily Life”)

Jesus Christ: Preparations for ministry → Temptation

Luke 4:14–15 [Jesus Begins His Galilean Ministry]
Jesus Christ: Information About Him.
(a) Descriptions of His ministry → Famous, sought after, crowds came.
(b) Descriptions of His ministry → Teaching, preaching, healing with power.
(c) Descriptions of His ministry → Filled with the Spirit of God.

Luke 4:16-19 [Jesus Rejected at Nazareth: 1/2]
(a) Anointing → God the father anointing Jesus Christ with the Holy Spirit.
(b) Assurance → Saints are privileged to have assurance of comfort in affliction
(c) Attendance → Reasons for Christ’s attending the Synagogue, → our example.
(d) Blindness → Christ appointed to remove spiritual blindness
(e) Bondage → Christ delivers from spiritual bondage
(f) Disease → healing of spiritual disease.
(g) Freedom/liberty→ who the Lord liberates.
(h) Growth → Examples of growth→ Healing of spiritual disease
(i) Healing → who the Lord heals
(j) Law (God’s Word) → Expounded by Christ, Apostles in synagogues/ places of worship.
(k) Liberty → The mission of Christ to proclaim Christian Liberty.
(l) Prayer → Christ attending public worship (prayer).
(m) Promises → To God’s People, Believers → Deliverance from captivity (spiritual)
(n) Prophecies regarding Christ → His entering on his public ministry
(o) Rejection → Jesus Christ is rejected by the people of Nazareth; lives at Capernaum.
(p) Sabbath day→ Worship celebrated on the Sabbath day. (cf. Christ, our example)
(q) The Bible →The word of God be read in public assemblies.
(r) The gospel → Preached to the poor
(s) The poor → Christ preached to
(t) Year→ Illustrative things→ Acceptable Year of the dispensation of the gospel.
(u) Fulfilled Prophecy → Messiah. (Luke 4:16-19) “Today this Scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.”

Luke 4:20-22 [The people’s response at the Synagogue]
“So all bore witness to Him, and marveled at the gracious words which proceeded out of His mouth. And they said, “Is this not Joseph’s son?”” (Luke 4:22, NKJV)

Themes:
(a) Ability → Jesus’ unique ability recognized by His country men
(b) Awe → Response people’s response to Christ’s words → Amazement, awe
(c) Glory → God’s glory in/ through Christ’s words/ teachings.
(d) Grace → Christ spoke with/ dispensed God’s grace.
(e) Gracious → characteristics of Christ’s words Gracious
(f) The Word → God’s Word spoken/ delivered clearly by Jesus

Luke 4:23–27 [No prophet is accepted in his own country]
(a) Discouragements → Christian ministers’ Discouragements.
(b) Healing → Naaman, a Syrian general, healed of leprosy by Elisha
(c) Honor → where a prophet does not have honor
(d) Leprosy → a common disease among the Jews
(e) Miracles → Elijah increases the widow’s meal and oil
(f) Miracles → Elisha heals Naaman the leper
(g) Prejudice → prejudice against Christ
(h) The Sidonians → Cities of mentioned: Zarephath or sarepta

Luke 4:28–29 [Jesus Rejected at Nazareth: 2/2]
Jesus Christ: Information About Him.
(a) Israel’s Acts & Attitudes towards Jesus→ Rejection
(b) The people’s Response to Christ’s message → Violence
(c) Missions → Strategy → Go elsewhere when life or liberty is threatened.

Other Themes:
Anger → (Specific Sin) → exemplified by the Jews
Anger → (Instances of anger) → Nazarenes’ anger toward Jesus
Bigotry → (Instances of bigotry) → in rejecting the teachings of Jesus at Nazareth
Church → Enemies of Christ and His followers (cf. Dark Ages/ Martin Luther, etc.)

Satan’s attitude towards Jesus, Believers → Jealousy, Wrath. [cf. End time Bible Prophecy] “Then the dragon became furious with the woman and went off to make war on the rest of her offspring, on those who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.” (Revelation 12:17, ESV)

Persecution → Persecution of God’s people/ Gospel ministers. Consider Christ’s teaching: “And you will be hated by all for My name’s sake. But the one who endures to the end will be saved.” (Matthew 10:22, ESV) “Then they will deliver you up to tribulation and put you to death, and you will be hated by all nations for My name’s sake.” (Matthew 24:9, ESV)

Suffering → Persecuted for Righteousness’ sake. [The Promise]: “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. “Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” (Matthew 5:10–12, ESV)

Luke 4:31-37 [Jesus casts out an Unclean Spirit]
Jesus Christ: Information about Him:
His Authority → Proclaimed by Demons
His Authority → Demonstrated by Miracles showing His control over Satan & his kingdom
People’s response to Christ’s message → Amazement, awe

Luke 4:38–39 [Peter’s Mother-in-Law Healed]
Jesus Christ: Information about Him.
His Authority → Demonstrated by Miracles showing His control over Disease

Luke 4:41 [Many Healed After Sabbath Sunset]
Jesus Christ: Information about Him.
His Authority → Demonstrated by Miracles showing His control over Satan & his kingdom
His Relationships with God the Father → “The Son of God!” (Lk 4: 41c)
His Deity → was identified as God’s Son→ (Lk 4: 41)

Luke 4:42 [Jesus Preaches in Galilee]
Jesus Christ: Information about Him.
His Objectives → Preaching the Gospel
His Doctrine → the kingdom of God→ Good news that must be proclaimed to all people.
His Nature, Attributes, Qualities → Faithful, zealous to His Commission, His priorities.

Question: What is your priority today? Is it money, fame, education, etc. What is it?

Remember: You don’t have to be a minister, or on the church’s payroll to preach the gospel. “Then He said to His disciples, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few; therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest.”” (Matthew 9:37–38, ESV) Can the Jesus depend on you today?

[Meditation]
In The Warfare That Is Raging.
Author: William C. Martin (1878

In the warfare that is raging
For the truth and for the right,
When the conflict, fierce, is raging
With the powers of the night,
God needs people brave and true:
May He then depend on you?

Refrain:
May the Lord depend on you?
Loyalty is but His due;
Say, O spirit, brave and true,
That He may depend on you.

See, they come on sable pinions,
Come in strong, Satanic might,—
Powers come, and dark dominions,
From the regions of the night;
God requires the brave and true:
May He then depend on you?

From His throne the Father sees us;
Angels help us to prevail;
And our leader true is Jesus,
And we shall not, cannot fail:
Triumph crowns the brave and true,—
May the Lord depend on you?

SECTION II: QUESTIONS & ANSWERS.
[1] What may be the reason for the “temptation” of Jesus? That “he might be in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.” Heb. 4:15.

[2] Where did these temptations occur? In the wild country called “the wilderness of Judea.”

[3] What is the devil called in Mark? Satan.

[4] What is the meaning of the two terms? Satan means “adversary” or “enemy,” and devil means “accuser.”

[5] What were the three temptations?
(a) To make bread -from the stones- to satisfy His personal hunger.
(b) To throw Himself down from the temple’s pinnacle, trusting that God would work a miracle to save him.
(c) To offer homage to Satan and receive through Him power over the world.

[6] How did Jesus conquer?
(a) It Is Written
(b) It Is Written
(c) It Is Written

[7] Can we conquer in the same way? Yes.
“Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, And to present you faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy, To God our Savior, Who alone is wise, Be glory and majesty, Dominion and power, Both now and forever. Amen.” (Jude 24–25, NKJV)

[8] What does living “by every word of God” (Matt. 4:4) signify? Trusting all his promises, and keeping all his commands.

[9] What is the meaning of the word “tempt” in Luke 4:12? Presumptuously try or provoke.

[10] What did Jesus announce as the purpose of his ministry?
(a) Preaching the gospel to the poor;
(b) Healing the brokenhearted;
(c) Proclaiming liberty to the captives;
(d) Proclaiming recovery of sight to the blind;
(e) Setting at liberty those who are oppressed;
(f) Proclaiming the acceptable year of the LORD. (Luke 4:18–19, NKJV)

[11] What was the significance of the widow to whom Elijah was sent and the leper cleansed in the days of Elisha? (See Lk 4:24-27)

[12] How did the Jews try to kill Jesus? They “rose up and thrust Him out of the city; and they led Him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built, that they might throw Him down over the cliff.” (Luke 4:29, NKJV)

[13] What was the double miracle of the healing of Peter’s mother-in-law?
(a) “So He stood over her and rebuked the fever, and it left her.” (Luke 4:39a, NKJV)
(b) “And immediately she arose and served them.” (Luke 4:39b, NKJV)

SECTION III: STRICKING FACTS/ TRUTH TO BELIEVE.

[1] When Jesus rebuked a demon (Luke 4:36), the people recognized that His power was manifested in His words. How is this borne out in Revelation 1:16? Consider also Ecclesiastes 8:4.

“He had in His right hand seven stars, out of His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword, and His countenance was like the sun shining in its strength.” (Revelation 1:16, NKJV) “Where the word of a king is, there is power; And who may say to him, “What are you doing?”” (Ecclesiastes 8:4, NKJV)

[2] Some believe demon possession in biblical times was merely a form of epilepsy. How does a careful study of the list in Matthew 4:24 disprove this?

“Then His fame went throughout all Syria; and they brought to Him all sick people who were afflicted with various diseases and torments, and those who were demon-possessed, epileptics, and paralytics; and He healed them.” (Matthew 4:24, NKJV)

[3] Christ silenced demons, even as they uttered the truth about Him (Luke 4:34, 41 and 8:28). For what reason did Paul and Silas do this in Philippi (Acts 16:16–18)?

“Now it happened, as we went to prayer, that a certain slave girl possessed with a spirit of divination met us, who brought her masters much profit by fortune-telling. This girl followed Paul and us, and cried out, saying, “These men are the servants of the Most High God, who proclaim to us the way of salvation.” And this she did for many days. But Paul, greatly annoyed, turned and said to the spirit, “I command you in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her.” And he came out that very hour.” (Acts 16:16–18, NKJV)

[4] Luke 4:40. The Messiah healed ‘every one’ who came to Him. What is the impact of this form of expression, as we compare it with Acts 5:16?

“Also a multitude gathered from the surrounding cities to Jerusalem, bringing sick people and those who were tormented by unclean spirits, and they were all healed.” (Acts 5:16, NKJV)
[5] How far is physical illness a hindrance to our spiritual life? (Discuss)

[6] Refer to Luke 4:34. Demons recognized the identity of Christ as the Holy One. Are people worse than demons when they do not? (Discuss)

[7] Does demon possession occur today? Provide a reason or reasons for your answer. How far would people who are demon-possessed still be accountable for their actions in the sight of God? (Discuss)

SECTION IV: APPLICATION.
What must I do with this chapter? In order to answer this question, we are going to examine the following application segments, one item at a time:
(a) God’s Character
(b) Sin to avoid/ confess
(c) Attitude to cultivate
(d) Command(s) to obey
(e) Example to follow
(f) Promise to claim
(g) Devotional Nugget
(h) The Gospel’s Voice.

GOD’S CHARACTER
[1] God is powerful:
“Then passing through the midst of them, He went His way.” (Luke 4:30, NKJV)

[2] God is Holy; Jesus Christ is Holy.
“Seeing then that we have a great High Priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy and find grace to help in time of need.” (Hebrews 4:14–16, NKJV)

[3] God id merciful: He healed all who were sick.
“When the sun was setting, all those who had any that were sick with various diseases brought them to Him; and He laid His hands on every one of them and healed them.” (Luke 4:40, NKJV)

INSTRUCTIONS FOR DAILY LIFE
[1] Resisting Satan.
[2] Resisting the temptation to do evil,
[3] Resisting to indulge the desires of the flesh,
[4] Resisting or denying the faith to escape trial,
[5] Beware of all the Wiles of the Devil: “Lest Satan should take advantage of us; for we are not ignorant of his devices.” (2 Corinthians 2:11, NKJV) “Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.” (Ephesians 6:11, NKJV)

SINS TO AVOID/ CONFESS
[1] Anger → (Specific Sin) → exemplified by the Jews
[2] Anger → (Instances of anger) → Nazarenes’ anger toward Jesus
[3] Bigotry → (Instances of bigotry) → in rejecting the teachings of Jesus at Nazareth
[4] Church → Enemies of Christ and His followers (cf. Dark Ages/ Martin Luther, etc.)
[5] Persecuting God’s people/ Gospel ministers.

ATTITUDES TO CULTIVATE
The Acceptable Year of the Lord: → Be involved with the work of the gospel now…. Do not wait. “I must work the works of Him who sent Me,” Jesus says, “while it is day;” Notice the next words: “the night is coming when no one can work.” (John 9:4, NKJV)
Meditation.
SDA Hymn # 375 – Work, for the Night Is Coming

[Stanza 1]
Work for the night is coming,
Work through the morning hours;
Work while the dew is sparkling;
Work ‘mid springing flow’rs.
Work when the day grows brighter,
Work in the glowing sun;
Work for the night is coming,
When man’s work is done

COMMANDS TO OBEY
[1] “Get behind Me, Satan!” (Luke 4:8a, NKJV)
[2] “Worship the Lord your God, and Him only shall you serve”
[3] Fasting: “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.” (Luke 4:4, NKJV)
[4] ‘You shall not tempt the Lord your God” (Luke 4:12b, NKJV)

[5] Beware of the Devil’s Opportune Time: “Now when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed from Him until an opportune time.” (Luke 4:13, NKJV)

Life principle # 4: Satan does not attack us in the same way at all times. He looks for “opportune” moments, when we feel weakest or most discouraged, to suggest that God cannot be trusted and we must take matters into our own hands.

EXAMPLES TO FOLLOW
Examples of those who did not give in to temptation
[1] Job, (Job 1:22; Job 2:10)
[2] Joseph, (Gen 39:7-10)
[3] The Obedient Rechabites (Jer 35:5-6)
[4] Daniel, (Dan 1:8)
[5] Jesus Christ, (Mt 4:4; Lk 4:4; Mt 4:7; Lk 4:12; Mt 4:10; Lk 4:8)

PRAYERS IN THIS CHAPTER.
“The Spirit of the LORD is upon Me, Because He has anointed Me To preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives And recovery of sight to the blind, To set at liberty those who are oppressed; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD.” (Luke 4:18–19, NKJV)

SOMETHING TO THANK GOD FOR
Assurance → Saints are privileged to have assurance of comfort in affliction
Blindness → Christ removes spiritual blindness.
Bondage → Christ delivers us from our spiritual bondage, and ultimately physical – at the Second Coming.
Disease → the Lord heals our physical/ spiritual diseases.
Freedom/liberty→ the Lord liberates us.
Growth → (spiritual growth) → the Lord heals our spiritual diseases.
Healing → “Bless the LORD, O my soul, And forget not all His benefits: Who forgives all your iniquities, Who heals all your diseases, Who redeems your life from destruction, Who crowns you with lovingkindness and tender mercies, Who satisfies your mouth with good things, So that your youth is renewed like the eagle’s.” (Psalm 103:2–5, NKJV)
Sabbath day → Worshiping God on the Sabbath day. (cf. Christ, our example)
The Bible → God’s Word read in public assemblies.
The Bible → Publication of the Bible/ Bible study.
The Bible → Freedom to talk about/ study the Bible openly
 (cf. The First Amendment – (Bill of Rights) – to the United States: free exercise of religion, adopted December 15, 1791).
 Some countries do not allow publications of the Bible at all. Praise God for this opportunity we have and cherish down here. Note: The time is coming when this will be no longer allowed, even in the USA. (cf. End Time Bible Prophecy, Rev 13, 17)

The Gospel → Preached to the poor

PROMISES TO CLAIM
[1] God’s Word in Us: “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.’ ” (Luke 4:4, NKJV)

[2] Divine protection: “For He shall give His angels charge over you, To keep you in all your ways. In their hands they shall bear you up, Lest you dash your foot against a stone.” (Psalm 91:11–12, NKJV)

[3] Suffering → Persecuted for Righteousness’ sake. [The Promise]: “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. “Blessed are you when others revile you and persecute you and utter all kinds of evil against you falsely on my account. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so they persecuted the prophets who were before you.” (Matthew 5:10–12, ESV)

[4] Victory: Finding in God and His Word resources to overcome temptation, (Dan 11:32; Pr 2:1-2,12-15; Mt 6:13; Lk 11:4; 1Tim 6:11-12; Jas 4:7)

[5] Victory: Overcoming temptation through Prayer, (Mt 26:41; Mk 14:38; Lk 22:40; Mt 18:8-9; 1 Cor 7:5)

[6] Victory: Overcoming temptation through Personal Discipline, (Heb 12:4,7; 2 Pe 3:17)

DEVOTIONAL NUGGET
“Now when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed from Him until an opportune time.” (Luke 4:13, NKJV)
The departing of Satan. “He departed from him” (Luke 3:13). The best way to get Satan out of your life is to defeat temptation. If you insist on living pure and holy, he will depart. He does not hang around where people insist on living by the Word of God.

The deception of Satan. “For a season” (Luke 4:13). Here is a good warning for all. Satan will depart when we defeat temptation, but he will come back later on. The departure is just a deceptive tactic to get a person to relax their guard against evil. A “season” will vary in time, but it says temptation will come back. We can never let down our guard against evil. We must always be strong in the Lord, so whenever Satan returns, we will defeat him. Satan is a sly “fox” (Luke 13:32). (John G. Butler, Analytical Bible Expositor, Luke/ Luke 4:13)

THE GOSPEL’S VOICE.
Submission to God’s will characterized Jesus Christ’s prayer life, not just at the Jordan, and the the wilderness of Temptation, but throughout His Life. It was a life of obedience and humility, and total dependence on The Father. Listen to the Holy Spirit’s testimony, (through Hebrew’s epistle) concerning Jesus- Our Example, as we close.

“Though He [Jesus Christ] was a Son, yet He learned obedience by the things which He suffered. And having been perfected, He became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him,” (Hebrews 5:8–9, NKJV)

Will you obey God today even in the midst of your temptations and trials? Amen.

OUR RESPONSE:
‎SDA Hymn # 152 – Tell Me the Story of Jesus

Reflection:
Encouragement to those facing temptation
Jas 1:12; Ro 8:37; Heb 2:18; 4:15-16; Jas 1:2-3; 1 Jn 4:4

1
Tell me the story of Jesus,
Write on my heart every word.
Tell me the story most precious,
Sweetest that ever was heard.
Tell how the angels in chorus,
Sang as they welcomed His birth.
“Glory to God in the highest!
Peace and good tidings to earth.”

Refrain
Tell me the story of Jesus,
Write on my heart every word.
Tell me the story most precious,
Sweetest that ever was heard.

2
Fasting alone in the desert,
Tell of the days that are past.
How for our sins He was tempted,
Yet was triumphant at last.
Tell of the years of His labor,
Tell of the sorrow He bore.
He was despised and afflicted,
Homeless, rejected and poor.

3
Tell of the cross where they nailed Him,
Writhing in anguish and pain.
Tell of the grave where they laid Him,
Tell how He liveth again.
Love in that story so tender,
Clearer than ever I see.
Stay, let me weep while you whisper,
Love paid the ransom for me.

The Gospel’s Voice © 2018.