42-BSG-6 (Luke 6)

Bible Study Guide.
42-BSG-6 (Luke 6)
March 16, 2018

PRAYER: Father in heaven, we thank You for Your holy Word. Before we consider this chapter, we invite Your Spirit to teach and guide us. Forgive us Lord, and prepare us for Your kingdom. We thank You, and we ask these things in Jesus’ name, Amen.

Chapter Overview:
Characters: God, Jesus, Disciples, Pharisees, David, Man with withered hand.
Key Word: Lord of Sabbath, Lk 6:5. Sermon on Mount, Lk 6:12, 20.
Strong Verses: Lk 6:5, 20, 21, 22, 23, 27, 28, 31, 35, 37, 38, 41, 45, 46.

Biblical Places:
Level Place • Lk 6:17, Zec 4:7
Tyre • Lk 6:17, Jos 19:29–31, 29, 2 Sa 5:11, 11, 24:7, 7, 1 Ki 5:15;
Sidon (city) • Lk 6:17, Ge 10:19; 49:13;

Illustrations/ Maps:
(a) Roman Campaigns against Jerusalem
(b) Jesus’ Ministry in Palestine
(c) Kingdom of Herod the Great
(d) Historical Development of Modern Israel
(e) Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee
(f) Ruins of the City of Tyre

Biblical Things:
Eye • Lk 6:20, 41–42, Ge 3:5–7; 13:10, 14; 18:2; 21:19; 22:4, 13;
Crossbeam • Lk 6:41–42, 1 Ki 6:9, 36; 7:2; 2 Ch 3:7; 34:11;
Splinter • Lk 6:41–42, Ho 8:6, Mt 7:3–5

Biblical People/Groups:
1. A Blind Person • Lk 6:39, Le 19:14; 21:18;
2. A Brother • Lk 6:14, Ge 13:8; 37:27; 42:13; 47:2–4; 49:5; Ex 32:27, 29; Le 18:16; 20:21; 21:2;
3. A Crowd • Lk 6:17–19, Ex 23:2; 1 Sa 4:14; Eze 16:40; 23:42, 47; Da 10:6, Mt 4:25–5:1; 8:1, 10–11, 16, 18;
4. A Dead Girl & a Sick Woman (Lk 8:41–56, Mt 9:18-26, Mk 5:21-43)
5. A Demoniac • Lk 6:18; Mt 4:24; 8:16, 28–33; 12:22;
6. A Disciple • Lk 6:40, 1 Ch 25:8; Is 50:4; 54:13, Mt 5:24; 6:2, 21;
7. A False Prophet • Lk 6:26; Mt 7:15–16, 20; 24:11, 24; Mk 13:22; Ac 13:6; 20:29–30; 2 Co 11:4; 2 Pe 2:1; 1 Jn 4:1
8. A Father • Lk 6:23, 26, Ge 2:24; 15:15; 38:11; 45:8; Ex 10:6; 12:3; 15:2; 20:5, 12; 21:15, 17; 22:16; 34:7;
9. A Foolish Man • Lk 6:49, 2 Sa 3:33; 6:20; Mt 7:26, Ps Sol 16:7
10. A Good Person • Lk 6:45; Mt 5:45; 12:35; 22:10; Jn 7:12; Ac 11:24; Ro 5:7, Sir 29:14; 39:25, 27
11. A Group of Men • Lk 6:3–4, Ge 13:13; 17:23, 27; 19:4–9, 11, 25;
12. A Master • Lk 6:5, Ge 27:29, 37; 45:8–9; Dt 10:17; 23:16; Jdg 3:25;
13. A Mourner • Lk 6:21, Ge 37:35; Job 5:11; 29:25; 30:31;
14. A Neighbor • Lk 6:41–42, Ex 3:22; 12:4; 18:16; 20:16–17; 21:14, 18–19, 35;
15. A Person • Lk 6:27, 38, 44–45, Ge 2:5, 7; 4:14–15; 9:5–6; 10:19, 30; 13:10;
16. A Poor Person • Lk 6:20, Ex 22:24; 23:3, 6, 11; 30:15;
17. A Priest • Lk 6:4, Ge 47:22, 26; Ex 19:6, 24;
18. A Rich Person • Lk 6:24, Ex 30:15; 2 Sa 12:1; Job 27:19; 34:19; Ps 45:13; 49:3,
19. A Satisfied Person • Lk 6:25, 1 Sa 2:5
20. A Sinner • Lk 6:32–34, Ge 13:13; Ex 32:33; Nu 5:6–8; 32:14; Dt 21:22–23;
21. A Son • Lk 6:35, Ge 5:4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 26, 30; 11:13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25;
22. A Teacher • Lk 6:7–11, 40, 1 Ch 25:8; Ps 119:99;
23. A Wicked Person • Lk 6:35, 45, Ge 18:23, 25; Ex 9:27; 23:1, 7; Dt 25:1–3;
24. Alphaeus (father of James) • Lk 6:15; Mt 10:3; Mk 3:18; Ac 1:13
25. An Apostle • Lk 6:13; Mt 10:2, 5; Mk 6:30;
26. An Enemy • Lk 6:27, 35, Ge 22:17; 24:60; 49:8; Ex 1:10; 20:5; 23:4–5, 22, 27; 32:25;
27. An Evil Supernatural Being • Lk 6:18, Ps 106:37, Mt 7:22; 8:16; 9:33–34; 10:1, 8; 11:18;
28. An Ungrateful Person • Lk 6:35, Wis 16:29
29. Andrew • Lk 6:14; Mt 4:18–20; 10:2; Mk 1:16–18, 21, 29–31, 36–38;
30. Bartholomew • Lk 6:14; Mt 10:3; Mk 3:18; Ac 1:13
31. Boanerges • Lk 6:14; Mt 4:21–22; 17:1; 20:23; Mk 1:19–20, 29; 3:17; 5:37;
32. Crowd hearing the Beatitudes (Luke) • Lk 6:17–19; 7:1, 9
33. David’s Men • Lk 6:3–4; Mt 12:4
34. Disciples • Lk 6:1–2, 13, 17, 20, 22–23, 27–39, 41–42, 46–47;
35. James (disciple) • Lk 6:15; Mt 10:3; Mk 3:18; Ac 1:13
36. James (father of Judas) • Lk 6:16; Ac 1:13
37. James (son of Zebedee) • Lk 6:14; Mt 4:21–22; 10:2;
38. John (son of Zebedee) • Lk 6:14; Mt 4:21–22; 10:2; 17:1–2, 4–10, 12–13; 18:16; 20:20–24;
39. Judas (son of James) • Lk 6:16; Jn 14:22–23; Ac 1:13
40. Judas Iscariot • Lk 6:16; Mt 10:4; 26:14–16, 21, 23–25, 46–50; 27:3–5;
41. Man with Withered Hand • Lk 6:6, 8, 10; Mt 12:10, 13; Mk 3:1–3, 5
42. Matthew • Lk 6:15; Mt 9:9; 10:3; Mk 2:14–15; 3:18; Lk 5:27–29; Ac 1:13
43. Person referred to by Jesus • Lk 6:25–26, 28–30, 32–33, 47, 49;
44. Pharisees • Lk 6:2–3, 5, 7–11; Mt 3:7–9, 11; 5:20; 9:11, 13–14, 34;
45. Pharisees asking for a Sign • Lk 6:2–3, 5, 7–11; Mt 12:2–3, 5–7, 9–11, 14, 24–25, 27–28, 33–34, 36–39;
46. Philip (apostle) • Lk 6:14; Mt 10:3; Mk 3:18; Jn 1:43–46, 48, 51; 6:5–8; 12:21–24; 14:8–9; Ac 1:13
47. Simon (apostle) • Lk 6:15; Mt 10:4; Mk 3:18; Ac 1:13
48. Son Of Man • Lk 6:5, 22, Da 7:13–14, Mt 8:20; 9:6; 10:23; 11:19; 12:8, 32, 40; 13:37, 41–42;
49. Teachers of the Law • Lk 6:7–11; 5:17, 21–22, 24–25, 30–31, 33–34, 36
50. The Twelve Apostles (Lk 6:12–16, Mt 10:1-4, Mk 3:13-19)
51. Thomas • Lk 6:15; Mt 10:3; Mk 3:18; Jn 11:16; 14:5–6; 20:24–29; 21:2; Ac 1:13
52. Wise Man • Lk 6:48; Mt 7:24–25
53. Zealots • Lk 6:15; Mt 10:4; Mk 3:18; Ac 1:13

Events occurring:
(a) The disciples pick wheat on the Sabbath • Lk 6:1–5
(b) Jesus heals a man’s hand on the Sabbath • Lk 6:6–10
(c) The Pharisees and Herodians plot to destroy Jesus • Lk 6:11
(d) Jesus chooses the twelve apostles • Lk 6:12–16
(e) Jesus is followed by a large crowd • Lk 6:17–19
(f) Jesus teaches the Sermon on the Mount/Plain • Lk 6:20–49

Summary of Main Points:
(a) Jesus vindicates His disciples from the charge of breaking the Sabbath, Lk 6:1-5.
(b) He shows it lawful to do good on the Sabbath; and restores a withered hand, Lk 6:6-10.
(c) His enemies are filled with madness, Lk 6:11.
(d) He spends the night in prayer, Lk 6:12;
(e) He appoints the Twelve Apostles, Lk 6:13-16;
(f) He heals divers diseased persons, Lk 6:17-19;
(g) He pronounces blessings and woes, Lk 6:20-26;
(h) He teaches love to enemies, meekness, liberality, mercy, and candor, Lk 6:27-38.
(i) He shows, by parables, that knowledge is indispensably needful in teachers, and holiness in reformers, Lk 6:39-42.
(j) He stresses that the tree is known by its fruit, Lk 6:43-45.
(k) The parable of the wise and the foolish builders, Lk 6:46-49.


Lk 6:1–5 [The disciples pick wheat on the Sabbath]
Jesus: Teachings (by Precept or Example)
(a) Sabbath observance
(b) Defines the Sabbath Law
(c) Sabbath day → doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath.
(d) Authority/ Ownership → “The Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.”

Other Themes:
(a) Murmuring→ against Christ’s disciples.
(b) Religion → Characteristics of Legalism
(c) Tradition → doing commandments of men
(d) Shewbread (showbread) → unlawfully eaten by David.

Lk 6:6–10 [Jesus heals a man’s hand on the Sabbath]
Jesus Christ: Information About Him
(a) Knowledge → Divine Knowledge →Secrets of the heart known/ read by Christ
(b) Authority → Demonstrated by Miracles showing His control over deficiencies of the body: Lameness, Paralysis, Blindness, Deafness.
(c) Mission → Salvation → Saving lives → (physically), Lk 6.9b
(d) Mission → the Mission of the Master → (spiritually): “for the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost.” (Luke 19:10, NKJV)

Other Themes:
(a) Sin (Specific Sins) → False Accusations
(b) Sin (Specific Sins) → Slander
(c) Tradition → doing commandments of men
(d) Miracles → a man with a withered hand.
(e) History → (Historical fact) → a man having a withered hand (at Capernaum)
(f) Sin (Specific Sins) → Envy → Pharisees watching Christ to accuse Him for any wrongdoing.

Lk 6:11 [The Pharisees and Herodians plot to destroy Jesus]“But they were filled with rage, and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus.” (Luke 6:11, NKJV)
(a) Sin (Specific Sins) → Plots against Jesus.
(b) Sin (Specific Sins) → Hatred
(c) Sin (Specific Sins) → Hatred → Examples of Hatred in Christ’s ministry.

Lk 6:12–16 [Jesus chooses the Twelve Apostles]
Jesus Christ: Information About Him
Relationships → With God The Father → He prayed to Him, (Lk 6:12)
Ministry B — Birth to Ascension → Preparations for ministry → Calling of Apostles

God’s Acts in Fulfilling His Purposes
(a) Choosing → He Chooses, chose → Apostles.
(b) Commissioning→ He commissioned them.
(c) Election→ He knows who to bring on board…. before their conception (cf. Jer. 1:5)
(d) Purpose → Purposes of God’s choosing → Service/ Serving as Apostles

Instructions for Daily Life
Prayer → Time of Prayer → Before decisions.
Prayer → Time of Prayer → All Night: “Now it came to pass in those days that He went out to the mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.” (Luke 6:12, NKJV)

Other Themes:
(a) Universal Church → Structure → Servants → Apostles
(b) Apostles → Narrow sense → (the 12 plus Paul)
(c) Apostleship → Basis of apostleship → Chosen by God, Christ

Lk 6:17–19 [Jesus Heals a Great Multitude]
Jesus Christ: Information About Him
(a) Contact → Contact with Christ →Jesus brought healing to those who touched him
(b) Faith → A touch of faith →Jesus brought healing to those who touched Him
(c) Ministry → Descriptions of His ministry → Teaching, Preaching, Healing.
(d) Miracles → Heals multitudes from Judea, Jerusalem, and the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon
(e) Miracles → Many and divers diseases healed
(f) Touch →Touched by others →Jesus brought healing to those who touched Him

Lk 6:20–23 [The Beatitudes]
Jesus: Teachings (by Precept or Example)
Doctrine → Kingdom of God, of Heaven
Doctrine → Kingdom of God, of Heaven →characteristics, nature, attributes → Belongs to The Poor.
Promises → The Poor in spirit: theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven
Promises → To All Believers → Satisfaction
Promises → Mourn, weep → (then comes) Laughter
Promises → The Persevering (faith in Christ in spite of persecution) → Reward in Heaven

Lk 6:24–26 [Jesus pronounces Blessings and Woes]
Jesus: Teachings (by Precept or Example)
Warnings → To All, concerning → Wealth, love of material things
Sins → Careless contentment, Laughter
Warnings → To All, concerning → Praise from others

Lk 6:27-38 [Love Your Enemies]
Lk 6:37-38 [Do Not Judge]

Jesus: Teachings (by Precept or Example)
1. Adoption [Luke 6:36]
2. Benevolence
3. Business life → the credit system → Lending encouraged
4. Character of the wicked → Unthankful
5. Charity → the reward for being charitable
6. Children → who are the children of God
7. Christian conduct → doing as we would be done by (cf. the Golden Rule)
8. Christian conduct → Goodness/ doing good.
9. Christian conduct → Prayer→ Praying for others
10. Christian conduct → returning good for Evil.
11. Condemnation→ No condemnation for the Righteous
12. Cursing → Forbidden
13. Enemies → How to treat your enemies
14. Enemies → How to Love your enemies
15. Forgiveness →The reward for forgiving others
16. Giving → Scriptural rules for giving → Freely
17. Giving → Systematic Giving → Freely
18. Giving and Gifts →The reward for giving.
19. God → Divine preparation for the needs of believers → Gives in abundance.
20. Judging → not judging others
21. Kindness →The lord being kind
22. Lending → lending without hoping for anything in return
23. Mercy → After the example of God
24. Mercy→ being merciful.
25. Mercy →Commands → Man commanded to exercise mercy.
26. Pardon →Withheld from the unforgiving
27. Pardon →Motives us to be thankful; and pardon others.
28. Recompense/restitution →The Eye for Eye law and the NT teachings.
29. Revenge → Instead of taking revenge, we should exhibit love.
30. Reward(s) →Reward of saints is great
31. Social duties → lending
32. Social duties → returning good for evil, encouraged. (cf. “When they go low… We go high.” First Lady, Michele Obama, 2017)
33. Suffering → Suffering for righteousness’ sake.
34. Titles and Names of saints. → Children of the highest
35. Vengeance→ Not avenging

Lk 6:39-42 [The Blind Leading the Blind]
(a) Danger → the danger of following the Wrong spiritual teachers
(b) Danger → many are misled/ fed wrong doctrines.
(c) Training → greatest need to undergo training, and be familiar with the contents of the Gospel (the Bible) before assuming the role of teaching the Word.
(d) Training → by the Holy Spirit.
(e) Warning → against false spiritual teachers
(f) Knowledge → is indispensably needful in Teachers of the Gospel.

Lk 6:43-45 [A Tree Is Known By Its Fruit]

Lk 6:46-47 [Building on the Rock]
(a) Obedience
(b) Obedience (Illustrated) the wise builder.
(c) Obedience (Rewarded)
(d) Disobedience (illustrated) the foolish builder.
(e) Disobedience (Rewarded)


[1] Who were filled with madness about Jesus healing? The scribes and Pharisees (Lk 6:7, 11).

[2] What did Jesus know about his accusers? “He knew their thoughts.” (Luke 6:8a, NKJV)

[3] What two specific things did Jesus command the man with the withered hand to do? How did he respond? (vv. 8, 10) “But He knew their thoughts, and said to the man who had the withered hand, “Arise and stand here.” And he arose and stood.” (Luke 6:8, NKJV) “And when He had looked around at them all, He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” And he did so, and his hand was restored as whole as the other.” (Luke 6:10, NKJV)

[4] How long did Jesus spend in prayer before choosing the twelve apostles? All night long (Lk 6:12)

[5] What did Christ name the twelve disciples He chose? Apostles (Lk 6:13).

[6] How did men speak of the false prophets? They spoke well of them (Lk 6:26).

[7] What are we to do about those who despitefully use us? Pray for them (Lk 6:28).

[8] What will be our reward for giving? “Give, and it will be given to you: good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over will be put into your bosom. For with the same measure that you use, it will be measured back to you.”” (Luke 6:38, NKJV)

[9] What kind of tree does not bring forth good fruit? A corrupt tree (Lk 6:43).


[1] Two Illustrations on this chapter (6:39–42)
(a) The blind leading the blind (6:39–40): They will both fall into a ditch.
(b) The “log” judging the “speck” (6:41–42): Get rid of the log in your own eye, and then you can help with the speck in your neighbor’s eye.

[2] Two Trees on this chapter (6:43–45)
(a) Good trees do not produce bad fruit (Lk 6:43a).
(b) Bad trees do not produce good fruit (Lk 6:43b–44).
Note: A good person does good deeds, and an evil person does evil deeds (Lk 6:45)

[3] Two Buildings on this chapter (6:46–49)
[3a] The structures (6:46–48a, 49a)
(a) The wise man builds his house on solid rock (Lk 6:46–48a).
(b) The foolish man builds his house with no foundation (Lk 6:49a).

[3b] The storm (6:48b, 49b)
(a) The house on solid rock will stand firm (Lk 6:48b).
(b) The house with no foundation will fall flat (Lk 6:49b).

[4] Tradition of Men → Sabbath Observance.

“But Jesus answering them said, “Have you not even read this, what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: how he went into the house of God, took and ate the showbread, and also gave some to those with him, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat?”” (Luke 6:3–4, NKJV)

Note: For helpful background on Luke 6: 3-4, study 1 Sam 21:1-6 and Deut 23:25. Take a look also at God’s instructions for baking the Sabbath bread in Lev 24:5-9.

  • “Now David came to Nob, to Ahimelech the priest. And Ahimelech was afraid when he met David, and said to him, “Why are you alone, and no one is with you?” So David said to Ahimelech the priest, “The king has ordered me on some business, and said to me, ‘Do not let anyone know anything about the business on which I send you, or what I have commanded you.’ And I have directed my young men to such and such a place. Now therefore, what have you on hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or whatever can be found.” And the priest answered David and said, “There is no common bread on hand; but there is holy bread, if the young men have at least kept themselves from women.” Then David answered the priest, and said to him, “Truly, women have been kept from us about three days since I came out. And the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in effect common, even though it was consecrated in the vessel this day.” So the priest gave him holy bread; for there was no bread there but the showbread which had been taken from before the LORD, in order to put hot bread in its place on the day when it was taken away.” (1 Samuel 21:1–6, NKJV)
  • “When you come into your neighbor’s standing grain, you may pluck the heads with your hand, but you shall not use a sickle on your neighbor’s standing grain.” (Deuteronomy 23:25, NKJV)
  • ““And you shall take fine flour and bake twelve cakes with it. Two-tenths of an ephah shall be in each cake. You shall set them in two rows, six in a row, on the pure gold table before the LORD. And you shall put pure frankincense on each row, that it may be on the bread for a memorial, an offering made by fire to the LORD. Every Sabbath he shall set it in order before the LORD continually, being taken from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant. And it shall be for Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place; for it is most holy to him from the offerings of the LORD made by fire, by a perpetual statute.”” (Leviticus 24:5–9, NKJV)

[5] Exposing the Pharisees’ ignorance.

“The Jewish teachers prided themselves on their knowledge of the Scriptures, and in the Saviour’s answer there was an implied rebuke for their ignorance of the Sacred Writings. “Have ye not read so much as this,” He said, “what David did, when himself was an hungered, and they which were with him; how he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, … which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone?” “And He said unto them, The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath.” “Have ye not read in the law, how that on the Sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the Sabbath, and are blameless? But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple.” “The Son of man is Lord also of the Sabbath.” Luke 6:3, 4; Mark 2:27, 28; Matthew 12:5, 6.” (Desire of Ages, p. 285)

[6] “The Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.” (Luke 6:5, NKJV)

Jesus defended His disciples’ action on the grounds that they were hungry, and that their need superseded the technicalities of ceremonial law.

“If it was right for David to satisfy his hunger by eating of the bread that had been set apart to a holy use, then it was right for the disciples to supply their need by plucking the grain upon the sacred hours of the Sabbath. Again, the priests in the temple performed greater labor on the Sabbath than upon other days. The same labor in secular business would be sinful; but the work of the priests was in the service of God. They were performing those rites that pointed to the redeeming power of Christ, and their labor was in harmony with the object of the Sabbath. But now Christ Himself had come. The disciples, in doing the work of Christ, were engaged in God’s service, and that which was necessary for the accomplishment of this work it was right to do on the Sabbath day.”

“Christ would teach His disciples and His enemies that the service of God is first of all. The object of God’s work in this world is the redemption of man; therefore that which is necessary to be done on the Sabbath in the accomplishment of this work is in accord with the Sabbath law.” (Desire of Ages, p. 285)



What must I do with this chapter? In order to answer this question, we are going to examine briefly the following application segments, one item at a time:
(a) God’s Character
(b) Instructions for Daily Life
(c) Sins to Avoid/ Confess
(d) Attitudes to Cultivate
(e) Commands to Obey
(f) Examples to Follow
(g) Prayers in this Chapter.
(h) Something to Thank God For
(i) Promises to Claim
(j) Devotional Nugget
(k) The Gospel’s Voice.


[1] God is Powerful: He healed people from Jerusalem, all Judea, Tyre, and Sidon, (Lk 6:17).

[2] God is Holy: Jesus Christ’s holiness can dispense all evil (evil spirits, demons) in a milliseconds. The people, from Jerusalem, all Judea, Tyre, and Sidon “who came to hear Him” were all healed of their diseases, “as well as those who were tormented with unclean spirits. And they were healed.” (Luke 6:18, NKJV)

[3] God id Merciful: He healed all who were sick → both physical and demon-related problems.



[1] Enemies/ Opponents → Loving them→ doing good to them

[2] Prayer → (the upward dimension) → “bless those who curse you, and pray for those who spitefully use you.” (Luke 6:28, NKJV)

[3] Conduct.
 Christian conduct → doing as we would be done by (cf. the Golden Rule)
 Christian conduct → Goodness/ doing good.
 Christian conduct → Prayer→ Praying for others
 Christian conduct → returning good for Evil.


Sin (Specific Sins) → False Accusations
Sin (Specific Sins) → Slander
Sin (Specific Sins) → Cursing → Forbidden
Sin (Specific Sins) → Disobedience to Jesus Christ.
Sin (Specific Sins) → Faithlessness/ Doubting God and His Word.
Sin (Specific Sins) → Judging → not judging others
Sin (Specific Sins) → Legalism → Not doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath.
Sin (Specific Sins) → Murmuring→ against Christ’s disciples.
Sin (Specific Sins) → Mercy → not being merciful.
Sin (Specific Sins) → Not heeding God’s command.
Sin (Specific Sins) → Recompense/restitution →”An Eye for an Eye”
Sin (Specific Sins) → Spiritual deafness → Not hearing the word of God
Sin (Specific Sins) → Taking vengeance at your enemies.
Sin (Specific Sins) → Traditions→ doing commandments of men
Sin (Specific Sins) → Not submitting to the Lordship of Jesus: “And He said to them, “The Son of Man is also Lord of the Sabbath.”” (Luke 6:5, NKJV)


The Two Attitudes (6:20–26)
[1] The attitudes of the godly (6:20–23): Jesus gives the Beatitudes, showing their blessedness.
(a) Those who are poor (Lk 6:20): The Kingdom of God is given to them.
(b) Those who are hungry (Lk 6:21a): They will be satisfied.
(c) Those who weep (Lk 6:21b): They will laugh with joy.
(d) Those who are persecuted because of Christ (Lk 6:22–23): A great reward awaits them in heaven.

[2] The attitudes of the godless (6:24–26): They have mourning and sorrow.
(a) Those who are rich (Lk 6:24): They have their only happiness now.
(b) Those who are prosperous (Lk 6:25a): A time of awful hunger is before them.
(c) Those who laugh carelessly (Lk 6:25b): Their laughing will turn to mourning and sorrow.
(d) Those who are praised by the crowds (Lk 6:26): Their ancestors praised false prophets

Other Attitudes:
[3] Desire to touch Jesus “And the whole multitude sought to touch Him” (Lk 6:19a)
(a) Present → (By faith): “looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith” (Hebrews 12:2a, NKJV)
(b) Future → (Literally): “when we all get to Heaven.”

 Hymn: When We All Get to Heaven
 Author: E. E. Hewitt (1898)

Sing the wondrous love of Jesus, sing His mercy and His grace;
In the mansions bright and blessed, He’ll prepare for us a place.

When we all get to heaven, what a day of rejoicing that will be!
When we all see Jesus; we’ll sing and shout the victory.

Other Attitudes:
[4] Giving → Systematic Giving → Freely
[5] Judging → not judging others
[6] Kindness →showing kindness to others.
[7] Lending → lending without hoping for anything in return
[8] Mercy → being merciful after the example of God
[9] Pardon →God’s pardon motives us to be thankful; and pardon others.
[10] Revenge → Instead of taking revenge, we should exhibit love.
[11] Social duties → lending
[12] Social duties → returning good for evil, encouraged. (cf. “When they go low… We go high.” First Lady, Michele Obama, 2017)
[13] Suffering → Suffering for righteousness’ sake.
[14] Vengeance→ Not avenging


The Two Commands (6:27–38)
[1] Love your enemies (Lk 6:27–36).
(a) The reason for this (6:27–35a, 36): Be different from the unbelievers who only love those who love them!
(b) The rewards for this (6–35b): This will demonstrate to the world that you are indeed sons and daughters of the Most High!

[2] Don’t judge your friends (Lk 6:37–38): Judging and criticizing will come back on you.

[3] Mercy → (commands) → Man commanded to exercise mercy.


[1] People from all Judea and Jerusalem → Hunger (spiritual hunger) → “A great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem, and from the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear Him. (Lk 6.17, NKJV)

Spiritual Hunger Rewarded: “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, For they shall be filled.” (Matthew 5:6, NKJV)

Meditation: (Jb 23:12. Ps 81:10. 119:103. Is 49:10. 55:1-2. 65:13. Je 15:16. Am 8:11. Lk 1:53. 6:21. Jn 6:35. Re 21:6. 22:17)

[2] Jesus Christ → Communion with the Father (Lk 6:12): Jesus retires to the mountains and prays all night.




Let us read again: “And He came down with them and stood on a level place with a crowd of His disciples and a great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem, and from the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear Him and be healed of their diseases, as well as those who were tormented with unclean spirits. And they were healed. And the whole multitude sought to touch Him, for power went out from Him and healed them all.” (Luke 6:17–19, NKJV)

[1] God alleviates our suffering.

  • “Surely He has borne our griefs, And carried our sorrows; Yet we esteemed Him stricken, Smitten by God, and afflicted. But He was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniquities; The chastisement for our peace was upon Him, And by His stripes we are healed.” (Isaiah 53:4–5, NKJV)

[2] God is touched with our sorrows.

Meditation: (Hymn)
There is no problem too big; God cannot solve it
There is no mountain too tall; God cannot move it
There is no storm too dark; God cannot calm it
There is no sorrow too deep; He cannot soothe it

Oh, if He carried the weight of the World upon His shoulders
I know my brother that He will carry you.
Oh, if He carried the weight of the world upon His shoulders
I know my sister that He will carry you.

He said, “Come on to me all who are weary; And I will give you rest, rest, rest, rest

[3] One day God will delete the word disease, affliction, sorrow, etc. completely.

  • “In the middle of its street, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life, which bore twelve fruits, each tree yielding its fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.” (Revelation 22:2, NKJV)
  • “And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying. There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away.” Then He who sat on the throne said, “Behold, I make all things new.” And He said to me, “Write, for these words are true and faithful.”” (Revelation 21:4–5, NKJV)


Promises → Healing
Promises → Providence
Promises → Forgiveness
Promises → Sanctification (Transformed lives)
Promises → The Poor in spirit: theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven
Promises → To All Believers → Satisfaction
Promises → Mourn, weep → (then comes) Laughter
Promises → The Persevering (faith in Christ in spite of persecution) → Reward in Heaven


Building On The Immovable, Solid Rock.

In character building it is of the greatest importance that we dig deep, removing all the rubbish and building on the immovable, solid Rock, Christ Jesus. The foundation firmly laid, we need wisdom to know how to build.… In His law God has given us a pattern, and it is after this pattern that we are to build. The law is the great standard of righteousness. It represents the character of God, and is the test of our loyalty to His government.

Remember that you are building for eternity. See that your foundation is sure; then build firmly, and with persistent effort, but in gentleness, meekness, and love. So shall your house stand unshaken, not only when the storms of temptation come but when the overwhelming flood of God’s wrath shall sweep over the world. {Ellen G. White, Our High Calling (1961), p. 84}


““But why do you call Me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and not do the things which I say? Whoever comes to Me, and hears My sayings and does them, I will show you whom he is like: He is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently against that house, and could not shake it, for it was founded on the rock. But he who heard and did nothing is like a man who built a house on the earth without a foundation, against which the stream beat vehemently; and immediately it fell. And the ruin of that house was great.”” (Luke 6:46–49, NKJV)

Will you build on the Rock? That is, on Jesus Christ, the Rock of Ages. Amen?




SDA Hymn # 531 – We’ll Build on the Rock
Author: Franklin E. Belden (1858)

Reflection: (n/a)

We’ll build on the Rock, the living Rock,
On Jesus, the Rock of Ages;
So shall we abide the fearful shock,
When loud the tempest rages.

We’ll build on the Rock,
We’ll build on the Rock;
We’ll build on the Rock, on the solid Rock,
On Christ, the mighty Rock.

Some build on the sinking sands of life,
On visions of earthly treasure;
Some build on the waves of sin and strife,
Of fame, and worldly pleasure.

O build on the Rock, for ever sure,
The firm and the true foundation;
Its hope is the hope which shall endure,
The hope of our salvation.


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