The Original State of Satan.

THE ORIGINAL STATE OF SATAN.

Bible Study Guide/ The Doctrine of Angels: Satan/ 76-012 (Ezekiel 28:14-15)/ Key Text: “You were the anointed cherub who covers; I established you; You were on the holy mountain of God; You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones. You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, Till iniquity was found in you.” (Ezekiel 28:14–15, NKJV)

Objectives: In this Lesson we are investigating the Origin, Position, and Moral Fall of Lucifer. In the next Lesson, we will look at the Sin of Lucifer.

Lesson Segments:

  1. Introducing Ezekiel 28:12-19.
  2. Satan or the King of Tyrus?
  3. Foundational Questions (The Sanctuary).
  4. The Original State of Satan.
  5. Lucifer’s High Position (Supplementary).
  6. Devotional Implication.

Opening Remarks: Often a twofold question is asked concerning Satan: “Why did God create the devil, and why doesn’t God destroy him?” A simple answer to these questions would be: “He didn’t, and He will!”

INTRODUCING EZEKIEL 28:12-19.

Two OT passages are critical in understanding the Origin, Position, and Moral Fall of Lucifer (Isa. 14:4–21; Ezek. 28:12–19). Let us begin by looking at Lucifer’s origin and fall as related by the prophet Ezekiel.

In his book, Ezekiel predicts coming judgment upon the wicked city of Tyre in chapters 26, 27 and the first part of chapter 28. This has already been fulfilled, for the city was sacked by Nebuchadnezzar in 573 B.C. and later destroyed by Alexander in 332 B.C. But in verses 12-19 of Ezekiel 28, the prophet goes beyond the earthly scene of pronouncing judgment on the king (or prince) of Tyre at that time (whose name was Ithabaal II). Ezekiel describes for us the creation and judgment of a vile and vicious, nonhuman creature whose name we find out later to be Lucifer.

God often uses a backdoor approach – that is, he often addresses Satan through another source.

For example, in Genesis 3 God pronounced doom upon the devil by addressing the serpent. Another example is in Matthew 16:23, when Jesus rebuked Satan by talking to Simon Peter.

In Ezekiel 28 God used the king (or prince) of Tyre in order to really make a wider prophecy – actually, to get at the devil. “Son of man, take up a lamentation for the king of Tyre, and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord God: “You were the seal of perfection, Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.” (Ezekiel 28:12, NKJV)

SATAN or THE KING OF TYRUS?

[1] Who is the King of Tyrus? What does this text talking about? There are many debates today as to whether or not Ezekiel 28:11–19 has Satan in view. The question is, did Ezekiel only have the historical human leader in view, or did he also have a greater being, Satan, in mind?

“Verses 11–19, though presented as a dirge upon the king of Tyrus, can hardly be limited in its application to the Tyrian prince. The imagery so far transcends such a local reference that designations such as “extreme irony” fail to answer the problems created if a wholly local application is given to the passage.”

“The following statements seem particularly difficult to apply to any literal “king of Tyrus”: (1) “Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God,” v. 13; (2) “Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; … thou was upon the holy mountain of God,” v. 14; (3) “Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee,” v. 15; (4) “I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub,” v. 16.”

“It seems that as Ezekiel beheld the character and activities of the literal king of Tyre in vision, Inspiration lifted the veil between the seen and the unseen and the prophet was permitted to see the invisible yet powerful being whom the king of Tyre served. Similarly, Isaiah had been permitted to see beyond the literal king of Babylon (ch. 14:4) to Satan, whose character and policies the king of Babylon carried out (vs. 12–16).”

“It thus appears simpler to consider the passage as digressing from the prophecy upon the prince of Tyre to present a history of him who was indeed the real king of Tyrus, Satan himself. So understood, this passage provides us with a history of the origin, initial position, and downfall of the angel who later became known as the devil and Satan. Apart from this passage and the one in Isa. 14:12–14, we would be left without a reasonably complete account of the origin, primeval state, and causes of the fall of the prince of evil. The NT references to this being (Luke 4:5, 6; 10:18; John 8:44; 1 John 3:8; 2 Peter 2:4; Jude 6; Rev. 12:7–9; etc.), though fully consistent with these ancient prophecies, in themselves do not supply the complete history.” [Francis D. Nichol, Ed., The Seventh-Day Adventist Bible Commentary, (Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1977), 4:675].

FOUNDATIONAL QUESTIONS.

[1] Is there a Sanctuary in Heaven? Yes.

  • “Now this is the main point of the things we are saying: We have such a High Priest, who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens, a Minister of the sanctuary and of the true tabernacle which the Lord erected, and not man.” (Hebrews 8:1–2, NKJV)

[2] Was the earthly Sanctuary a “copy of the true one” in Heaven Yes.

  • “For Christ has not entered the holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us;” (Hebrews 9:24, NKJV)
  • “And let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them. According to all that I show you, that is, the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furnishings, just so you shall make it.” (Exodus 25:8–9, NKJV)
  • “Who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle. For He said, “See that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.” (Hebrews 8:5, NKJV)
  • “It was symbolic for the present time in which both gifts and sacrifices are offered which cannot make him who performed the service perfect in regard to the conscience—” (Hebrews 9:9, NKJV)

[3] What was Satan’s position in the heaven? He the anointed cherub who covers.

[4] Where did he serve? He served on the holy mountain of God.

[5] What is mountain of God? The Sanctuary, the Temple, the Tabernacle.

  • “You will bring them in and plant them in the mountain of Your inheritance, In the place, O LORD, which You have made for Your own dwelling, The sanctuary, O LORD, which Your hands have established.” (Exodus 15:17, NKJV)
  • “Now it shall come to pass in the latter days that the mountain of the Lord’s house shall be established on the top of the mountains, And shall be exalted above the hills; And peoples shall flow to it. Many nations shall come and say, “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, To the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, And we shall walk in His paths.” For out of Zion the law shall go forth, And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.” (Micah 4:1–2, NKJV)
  • “Then I looked, and behold, a Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name written on their foreheads.” (Revelation 14:1, NKJV)

[6] Where do covering cherub’s work? In the Most Holy place of the Sanctuary.

  • “And there I will meet with you, and I will speak with you from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are on the ark of the Testimony, about everything which I will give you in commandment to the children of Israel.” (Exodus 25:22, NKJV)

[7] What did they do there? “For the cherubim spread their two wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubim overshadowed the ark and its poles.” (1 Kings 8:7, NKJV)

[8] What was in the Ark of the Covenant? God’s law – (The 10 Commandments).

[9] When John the Revelator was allowed to see a view of God’s heavenly temple, what did he see? “The Ark of His Testament.” The Ark was the focal point of the vision.

  • “Then the temple of God was opened in heaven, and the ark of His covenant was seen in His temple. And there were lightnings, noises, thunderings, an earthquake, and great hail.” (Revelation 11:19, NKJV)

[10] What was in the Ark of the Covenant? God’s law – (The 10 Commandments).

Please take note of the following:

  • In the typical (earthly) sanctuary, the Ark was in the most holy place, which was the center of the service of the Day of Atonement as a typical day of judgment.
  • The Ark in the typical sanctuary was the depository of the Ten Commandments, God’s immutable moral law for all men in all ages. No believer in God in Jewish times could think of the ark without becoming immediately conscious of the Ten Commandments.
  • Satan served on the holy mountain of God (the sanctuary). He specifically worked in the Most Holy Place of the heavenly sanctuary as a covering angel for the ark of God.

[11] What was associated with the presence of God? Fire.

  • “Then Moses went up, also Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and they saw the God of Israel. And there was under His feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and it was like the very heavens in its clarity.” (Exodus 24:9–10, NKJV)
  • “Now the glory of the Lord rested on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day He called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. The sight of the glory of the Lord was like a consuming fire on the top of the mountain in the eyes of the children of Israel.” (Exodus 24:16–17, NKJV)

THE ORIGINAL STATE OF SATAN.

  • Ezekiel 28:12–17 (NKJV)12 “Son of man, take up a lamentation for the king of Tyre, and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord God: “You were the seal of perfection, Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty. 13 You were in Eden, the garden of God; Every precious stone was your covering: The sardius, topaz, and diamond, Beryl, onyx, and jasper, Sapphire, turquoise, and emerald with gold. The workmanship of your timbrels and pipes was prepared for you on the day you were created. 14 “You were the anointed cherub who covers; I established you; You were on the holy mountain of God; You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones. 15 You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, Till iniquity was found in you. 16 “By the abundance of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing out of the mountain of God; And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the fiery stones. 17 “Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; You corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor; I cast you to the ground, I laid you before kings, That they might gaze at you.

Let us consider a few details, or key phrases in this passage concerning Lucifer:

[1] He was the seal of perfection (v. 12).

  • KJV says–“Thou art the one sealing the sum of perfection.”
  • A thing is sealed when completed (Daniel 9:24).
  • “The sum” implies the full measure of beauty, from a Hebrew root, “to measure.”
  • “Seals functioned as insignias of authority and authenticity. Possession of the seal of a superior was a mark of great honor, signifying that one had been deputized to sign documents on his or her behalf.” (Block)

[2] He was full of wisdom and perfect in beauty (v. 12).

  • He was the signet of perfection.
  • This was thus the most brilliant and beautiful creature ever to exist.
  • The word “perfect” is the same word used to describe a perfect sacrifice in the sanctuary.

[3] He was in Eden, the garden of God (v.13)

  • The word Eden means “delight.”
  • What garden did Ezekiel refer to here? The heavenly garden.
  • Eden here is to be taken “in its larger sense as the dwelling place of God. The context shows that Lucifer had not yet fallen. The creation of our earth, the placement of our first parents in Eden, occurred subsequent to his fall.” (SDA BC 4:675–676).

[4] He was covered with “every precious stone:” the sardius, topaz, and diamond, beryl, onyx, and jasper, sapphire, turquoise, and emerald with gold.

  • Nine stones of the twelve in the high priest’s breast-plate are named here.
  • For Further Study, read Ex. 28:17-30, which is paralleled by Ex 39:10-13.
  • The apostle John in his vision of the foundation-stones of the new Jerusalem, use the same imagery (Rev 21:19-20).

[5] The workmanship of “timbrels and pipes” was prepared for him, on the day he was created.

  • Dr. J. Dwight Pentecost writes: Musical instruments were originally designed to be means of praising and worshiping God. It was not necessary for Lucifer to learn to play a musical instrument in order to praise God. If you please, he had a built-in pipe organ, or, he was an organ! That’s what the prophet meant when he said, “The workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes….” Lucifer, because of his beauty, did what a musical instrument would do in the hands of a skilled musician – bring forth a psalm of praise to the glory of God. Lucifer didn’t have to look for someone to play the organ so that he could sing the doxology – he was a doxology. (Your Adversary, the Devil, p. 16)

[6] He was the anointed cherub who covers (v. 14)

  • For the identity, mission, characteristics of Cherubim see Lesson # 8.
  • The cherubim (pl. of cherub) were the “inner circle” of angels who had the closest access to God and guarded His holiness.

[7] He was on the holy mountain of God (v. 14)

  • What is the holy mountain of God? The Sanctuary (see above)

[8] He walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones (v. 14).

  • What was his original standing? 
  • He walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones (Ezek. 28:14)

[9] What can these “fiery stones” possible be? The 10 Commandments.

  • “Now Mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly.” (Exodus 19:18, NKJV)
  • “And when He had made an end of speaking with him on Mount Sinai, He gave Moses two tablets of the Testimony, tablets of stone, written with the finger of God.” (Exodus 31:18, NKJV)
  • “So I turned and came down from the mountain, and the mountain burned with fire; and the two tablets of the covenant were in my two hands.” (Deuteronomy 9:15, NKJV)

[10] What is the significance of walking in fire? It means that Lucifer was holy, perfect. Satan was in the very presence of God! Note: God’s presence consume whatever that is not holy! “For our God is a consuming fire” (Heb. 12:29).

LUCIFER’S HIGH POSITION.

I came across these wonderful quotes from the Spirit of Prophecy, Listen to this:

  • Lucifer in heaven, before his rebellion, was a high and exalted angel, next in honor to God’s dear Son. His countenance, like those of the other angels, was mild and expressive of happiness. His forehead was high and broad, showing a powerful intellect. His form was perfect; his bearing noble and majestic. A special light beamed in his countenance and shone around him brighter and more beautiful than around the other angels; yet Christ, God’s dear Son, had the pre-eminence over all the angelic host. He was one with the Father before the angels were created.—The Story of Redemption, 13.
  • Lucifer was the covering cherub, the most exalted of the heavenly created beings; he stood nearest the throne of God, and was most closely connected and identified with the administration of God’s government, most richly endowed with the glory of His majesty and power.—The Signs of the Times, April 28, 1890.
  • The Lord Himself gave to Satan his glory and wisdom, and made him the covering cherub, good, noble, and exceeding lovely.—The Signs of the Times, September 18, 1893.
  • Among the inhabitants of heaven, Satan, next to Christ, was at one time most honored of God, and highest in power and glory.—The Signs of the Times, July 23, 1902.
  • Lucifer, the “son of the morning,” in glory surpassing all the angels that surround the throne, … (was) united in closest ties to the Son of God.—The Desire of Ages, 435.
  • Lucifer, “son of the morning,” was first of the covering cherubs, holy and undefiled. He stood in the presence of the great Creator, and the ceaseless beams of glory enshrouding the eternal God rested upon him.—Patriarchs and Prophets, 35.
  • He (Lucifer) had been the highest of all created beings, and had been foremost in revealing God’s purposes to the universe.—The Desire of Ages, 758.

DEVOTIONAL IMPLICATION: “You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created, Till iniquity was found in you. “By the abundance of your trading You became filled with violence within, And you sinned; Therefore I cast you as a profane thing Out of the mountain of God; And I destroyed you, O covering cherub, From the midst of the fiery stones. “Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty; You corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor; I cast you to the ground, I laid you before kings, That they might gaze at you.” (Ezekiel 28:15–17, NKJV)

Here is the most often asked question: If God is omniscient, if He knew that Satan would rebel and sin, why did He create him? We will answer this question extensively tomorrow. But what I wanted for you to see in this lesson is this: God is perfect in all His ways! He created this majestic being called Lucifer in holiness and perfection of character. Satan was not created as an evil angel, as an evil devil. God brought him into existence as a perfect, beautiful, wise and glorious angel.  He was created holy, undefiled (GC 493-4; PP 35) a sinless being.

God is perfect in Holiness! That’s why He told Moses at the burning bush, “Remove your sandals from your feet, for the place on which you are standing is holy ground” (Exodus 3:5). Beloved, when we come to understand how high and holy God is, we will come to understand how little we are.

Listen to what Apostle Paul says in Romans 10: “For they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted to the righteousness of God.” (Romans 10:3, NKJV) The Bible makes it clear that people are ignorant of the holiness of God.

We do not understand that “God is light, and in Him there is no darkness at all” (1 John 1:5). He is perfect in holiness. James 1:13–14 says that God cannot sin. He cannot even be tempted to sin, and He cannot tempt someone else to sin. The very idea of sin either in God or coming from God is inconceivable because of His perfection (purity).

What am I saying here? God created a holy, righteous, and a perfect being called Lucifer. Likewise, He created man (Adam and Eve) perfect!

God is perfect in all He does! His work of creation is perfect (Dt. 32:4; Ps 19:1; 139:14); His will is perfect (Rom 12:2); His law is perfect (Ps 19:7-11); His words are perfect (Ps 12:6); and His ways are perfect (Ps 18:30).

ACTION STEP: What response do you think this lesson should inspires us to do? We should emulate God’s moral perfection.

[1] Perfection: “Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect.” (Matthew 5:48, NKJV)

[2] Holiness: “You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.” (Leviticus 19:2, NKJV) “Be holy, for I am holy.” (1 Peter 1:16, NKJV)

[3] Consecration: “For I am the Lord your God. You shall therefore consecrate yourselves, and you shall be holy; for I am holy. Neither shall you defile yourselves with any creeping thing that creeps on the earth. For I am the Lord who brings you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God. You shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.” (Leviticus 11:44–45, NKJV)

[4] Cleansing: “Therefore, having these promises, beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.” (2 Corinthians 7:1, NKJV)

Have a Blessed Day: “And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.” (Romans 12:2, NKJV)

The Gospel’s Voice/ Bible Study Guide/ Doctrine of Angels/ Satan/ Lesson # 12.