Satan’s Names, Titles, Attributes.
Satan → Names, Titles, Attributes.
Bible Study Guide/ The Doctrine of Angels: Satan/ 76-015 (Isaiah 14:12)/ Key Text: “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations!” (Isaiah 14:12, NKJV)
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate the 30 biblical Names, Titles, and Attributes of Satan. Satan’s Goals, Objectives, Work, Methods, Activities, etc. will be discussed in the upcoming lessons.
Opening Remarks: The word Lucifer means “light bearer, daystar, shining one.” God created a perfect, beautiful angel called Lucifer. He was the shining one, the brilliant one, the beautiful one. He was to be a covering cherub, ministering at the throne of the Majesty in heaven. Satan was not created as an evil angel, or as an evil devil. God brought him into existence as a perfect, beautiful, wise and glorious angel. He was created holy, undefiled, a sinless being – “till iniquity was found in him” (Ezek. 28:15).
“Eons ago, sometime before the world was ever created, he was apparently the highest angel in all of creation. God had created him as the highest spiritual being in the universe. At that time his name was Lucifer. But he did what so many men do—rebelled against God—and he led other angelic beings to rebel with him. Therefore, God judged him and cast him from his exalted position in heaven. From what we can glean from Scripture this is what happened to Satan, how he became the devil, the terrible opponent to God.” [1 Peter–Jude, The Preacher’s Outline & Sermon Bible, p. 130].
SATAN → NAMES, TITLES, ATTRIBUTES.
 Abbadon — (Heb): Apollyon; (Gk): the destroyer. — “And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon.” (Revelation 9:11, NKJV)
- The Hebrew Abaddon means “destruction.” In the Old Testament, Abaddon refers to the place of destruction associated with death and Sheol (cf. Job 26:6; 28:22; Ps. 88:11; Prov. 15:11; 27:20). John designates Abbadon as the personification of destruction. Apollyon is the Greek equivalent to Abbadon, which means “the one who destroys” or “the destroyer.” The Destroyer is an appropriate name for Satan, who is evidently the king of these demonic locusts, and who in Matthew 12:24 is named “the ruler of the demons” (cf. Matt. 25:41; Rev. 12:9). Jesus describes him as a thief who comes to steal, kill, and destroy (John 10:10). The name Destroyer fits perfectly the nature and character of his activity on the earth (cf. 12:12–17).” [Ranko Stefanovic, Revelation of Jesus Christ: Commentary on the Book of Revelation, Second Edition., (Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press, 2009), 308].
 The Accuser of our Brothers — “Then I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, “Now salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren, who accused them before our God day and night, has been cast down.” (Revelation 12:10, NKJV)
- Satan is the accuser of brethren: He is the accuser of church; He is the accuser of God’s people; He is the accuser of souls. Satan was the accuser of the brethren in the Old Testament (see Job 1:8-12; 2:4; Zechariah 3:1-2). Satan is the accuser of the brethren in the New Testament (see Rev 12:7–12; Rev 12:10) Satan is the accuser of the brethren especially in these final days of Earth’s history, just before Christ returns.
- “Those who honor God and keep His commandments are subject to the accusations of Satan. The enemy works with all his energy to lead persons into sin. Then he pleads that on account of their past sins, he should be allowed to exercise his hellish cruelty on them as his own subjects. Of this work Zechariah has written. “And he shewed me Joshua the high priest”—a representative of the people who keep the commandments of God—“standing before the angel of the Lord, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.”
- “Christ is our High Priest. Satan stands before Him night and day as an accuser of the brethren. With his masterly power he presents every objectionable feature of character as sufficient reason for the withdrawal of Christ’s protecting power, thus allowing Satan to discourage and destroy those whom he has caused to sin. But Christ has made atonement for every sinner. Can we by faith hear our Advocate saying, “The Lord rebuke thee, O Satan; even the Lord that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?” [Francis D. Nichol, Ed., The Seventh-Day Adventist Bible Commentary, (Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1977), 4:1178].
 The Adversary — “Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.” (1 Peter 5:8, NKJV)
- Stan is the adversary of God and holy beings (PP 40); He is the adversary of souls (PP 688); He is the great adversary (DA 309; PP 478, 517; 1T 467); He is the sleepless adversary (2SM 102).
- “Be self-controlled and alert. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour” (1 Peter 5:8, NIV). “At the same time that believers can cast all their cares on God, they must still be self-controlled and alert. These words are also translated, “Pay attention! Wake up!” urgently commanding the believers, for the warning must be heard.”
- “As soldiers wait and watch, so believers must be constantly alert for the enemy. All of the persecution facing believers ultimately comes down to one source: your enemy the devil. The devil has other names—Satan, Accuser, Beelzebub—but he is the source of all evil in the world. He hates God and is God’s archenemy; thus he also hates God’s people and is their enemy as well. While Satan has no power against God, he does what he can to harm God’s people. Peter described him as prowling like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour. Lions attack sick, young, or straggling animals; they choose victims who are alone or not alert. Lions prowl quietly, watching and waiting, suddenly pouncing when their victims least suspect it. They use fear caused by their roar to drive their prey into the jaws of another lion.”
- “Peter warned believers to be alert for Satan, especially in times of suffering and persecution, for he walks up and down the earth (Job 1:7) seeking whom he or his demons can attack and defeat. When believers feel alone, weak, helpless, and cut off from other believers, they can become so focused on their troubles that they forget to watch for danger. In those times, believers are especially vulnerable to Satan’s attacks, which come in various forms, often at a person’s weakest spot — temptation, fear, loneliness, worry, depression, persecution. Therefore, Peter and Paul urged the believers to always be alert for Satan’s tricks.” [Bruce B. Barton, 1 Peter, 2 Peter, Jude, Life Application Bible Commentary, (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Pub., 1995), 137–138].
 Be-elzebul, Beelzebub: the Prince of Demons. This title is used for Satan 4 times in NT — (Mat 9:34; Mat 12:24; Mar 3:22; Luk 11:15).
Jesus and Beelzebub — Matthew 12:22–30 (NKJV) — 22 Then one was brought to Him who was demon-possessed, blind and mute; and He healed him, so that the blind and mute man both spoke and saw. 23 And all the multitudes were amazed and said, “Could this be the Son of David?” 24 Now when the Pharisees heard it they said, “This fellow does not cast out demons except by Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons.” 25 But Jesus knew their thoughts, and said to them: “Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation, and every city or house divided against itself will not stand. 26 If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebub, by whom do your sons cast them out? Therefore they shall be your judges. 28 But if I cast out demons by the Spirit of God, surely the kingdom of God has come upon you. 29 Or how can one enter a strong man’s house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man? And then he will plunder his house. 30 He who is not with Me is against Me, and he who does not gather with Me scatters abroad.
- Who was this Beelzebul? “Phoenician god worshiped at Ekron in Old Testament times (2 Kings 1:2–16). Original meaning of the name is unknown but the Old Testament form, Baal-zebub, means “Lord of the flies”; in Jesus’ day this god is derisively called Beel-zebul (NIV Beelzebub), “lord of dung,” and identified with Satan, the ruler of demons (Matt. 12:24). Jesus’ enemies accused him of casting out demons by invoking Beel-zebul (Mark 3:22) and even of being his embodiment (Matt. 10:25). Jesus, rejecting this calumny, pointed out that the expulsion of demons was Satan’s defeat, heralding the arrival of God’s kingdom (Luke 11:20–22). [Harvey E. Finley, Evangelical dictionary of biblical theology, 1996, 302].
- Why would the Pharisees attempt to connect Jesus with demons? “Jesus was not only a mystery to the Pharisees but also a threat to their authority. They had to destroy his reputation. The fastest and most efficient way to do so was to cast doubt in the minds of the people. Jesus showed how ridiculous the Pharisees’ statement was (Mt 12: 25–29): Why would Satan try to destroy himself?” (NIV Quest Study Bible Notes)
- “The fact that the multitudes were seriously wondering if Jesus might be the Messiah drove the Pharisees to panic, and they unwittingly reacted with the foolish accusation that Jesus cast out demons only by Beelzebul the ruler of the demons. These Jewish religious leaders, of whom the Pharisees were always the most zealous and vocal, could not tolerate the thought that this man who denounced them as unrighteous hypocrites and trampled on their human system of traditions could be the prophesied and long-awaited Deliverer of Israel.”
- “Matthew’s telling us that Jesus knew their thoughts (v. 25) indicates that the Pharisees were some distance from Jesus, perhaps on the fringe of the crowd or standing outside as Jesus ministered within a house. Their intent was to poison the minds of the people against Jesus by answering their question about Him with a resounding no. They said, in effect, that He was the antithesis of the Son of David. He was the servant of Beelzebul the ruler of the demons.”
- “They had only one option. Because Jesus’ power was indisputably supernatural, because the only two sources of supernatural power are God and Satan, and because they refused to recognize Jesus as being from God, they were forced to conclude that He was an agent of Satan. He must serve the ruler of the demons, for whom Beelzebul (or Beelzebub) was a popular title, derived from the name of an ancient Canaanite deity.” [John F. MacArthur Jr., Matthew, MacArthur New Testament Commentary, (Chicago: Moody Press, 1985), 2:306–307].
- NOTE: The Pharisees’ attitude/ accusations against Jesus led to what is known as The Unpardonable Sin: the Blasphemy against the Spirit (see Matthew 12:31-32). We will investigate what this sin is all about at a separate series (See Sins to Avoid/ Confess)
- The Unpardonable Sin: (Read Isaiah 63:10; Mark 3:29; Acts 5:3; 7:51; Ephesians 4:30; 1 Thessalonians 5:19; Hebrews 6:4-6; 10:29; 1 John 5:16)
 Belial (wickedness, worthlessness) — “And what accord has Christ with Belial? Or what part has a believer with an unbeliever?” (2 Corinthians 6:15, NKJV)
- The Greek word beliar is translated “the Devil.” This is the only place that this Greek word is used in the New Testament, although Jewish literature from the first century commonly used it for Satan. The Greek word is derived from a Hebrew word that means “worthlessness” or “lawlessness.”
- Since believers are intimately connected to Jesus Christ (5:20–21), they cannot have any fellowship with the things of the Devil. Unbelievers, in contrast, are being deceived and enticed by Satan (4:3–4). Their motivations and actions come from their own self-interest and not from a profound reverence for God (Romans 2:8). [Bruce B. Barton and Grant R. Osborne, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Life Application Bible Commentary, (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House, 1999), 372–373].
 The Devil — (Gr. diabolos, (the slanderer); used 33 times in NT) — “Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.” (Matthew 4:1, NKJV)
- “Many people, including some professing Christians, do not believe in a personal devil. But Satan has never made himself more personally manifest than he did to Jesus in the wilderness. The Lord’s own account shows unmistakably that the opponent He faced was personal in every sense. Satan was so real even to Martin Luther that it is reported that on one occasion Luther threw an inkwell at his adversary.”
- “Having been cast out of heaven by the Lord, Satan’s full fury has ever since been turned against God and His work. During Jesus’ incarnation that wrath was specially focused in all its intensity against the Son and against His divine mission of salvation. The devil’s single purpose is to frustrate the plan of God and to usurp the place of God. He therefore continually attacks Christ and all who belong to Him. He also pursues every effort to keep others from coming to Christ.” [John F. MacArthur Jr., Matthew, MacArthur New Testament Commentary, (Chicago: Moody Press, 1985), 1:86–87].
 The Dragon (Prophecy, Apocalyptic → Dragon (Satan), Woman and Child (Michael)–
- The Woman: the birth & rescue of her Child, Rev 12:1–6
- The War between Michael and the Dragon, Rev 12:7–9
- The Pursuit of the Woman and her offspring, Rev 12:13–13:1a
- Imprisonment of the Dragon, Rev 20:1–3
- Release, rebellion, final judgment of the Dragon, Rev 20:7–10
NOTE: We do a deeper study on these points when we get to Satan’s work, methods, and activities.
 The Enemy — For the discussion of Satan as the Enemy, see the Parable of the Wheat and Tares (Matthew 13:24–28; 13:36–39).
- “The greatest enemy anyone faces is Satan, for he is the enemy of our souls. He desires to kill, steal, and destroy. He is behing the temptations and battles you face each day, and he is actively trying to cause you eternal harm. Fortunately, there is good news: Jesus Christ has already defeated Satan and the demons working on his behalf!” (Charles Stanley, Overcoming the Enemy)
- “At some point every Christian will experience a satanic attack-a willful, determined assault by the Devil to harm our spirit, soul, or body. God wants Christians to be under His control, but the Enemy will do his best to destroy everything good in our lives. So the question is not how to avoid satanic attacks, but how to overcome them…. Satan is a very powerful adversary. However, God does not leave us to defend ourselves, and He wants us to understand His supernatural and unlimited ability to help us.” (Charles Stanley, When the Enemy Strikes)
As God’s enemy:
- Satan opposes believers (1 Chr 21:1; Job 2:1-7; Zec 3:1-2; 1Th 2:18)
- He accuses them day and night (Job 1:8-11; Zec 3:1-2; Rev 12:10)
- He slanders believers (1 Tim 5:14).
- He tests believers and cause their suffering (Eph 6:11-13, 16; Rev 2:10)
 The Evil One; the Wicked One. — “When anyone hears the word of the kingdom, and does not understand it, then the wicked one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is he who received seed by the wayside.” (Matthew 13:19, NKJV) “The field is the world, the good seeds are the sons of the kingdom, but the tares are the sons of the wicked one.” (Matthew 13:38, NKJV)
 Evil spirit — “But the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from the Lord tormented and troubled him.” (1 Samuel 16:14, AMP) “Now the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul, and a harmful spirit from the Lord tormented him.” (1 Samuel 16:14, ESV)
 Father of Lies — “You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it.” (John 8:44, NKJV)
All the falsehood in the world owes its existence to the Devil. Lying is condemned in the Holy Scriptures — “Lying lips are an abomination to the Lord, But those who deal truthfully are His delight.” (Proverbs 12:22, NKJV)
Biblical Examples of Lying:
- In Gen 3:4-5, the serpent lied to Eve;
- In Gen 4:9, Cain lied to the LORD;
- In Gen 12:11-13, Abraham urges Sarah to lie to the Egyptians;
- In Gen 18:15, Sarah lied to the LORD;
- In Gen 20:1-2, Abraham lied to Abimelech;
- In Gen 26:6-7, Isaac lied to the men of Gerar;
- In Gen 27:18-19, 24, Jacob lied to Isaac;
- In Gen 39:14-18 Potiphar’s wife lied to her household servants concerning the integrity of Joseph;
- In 2 Kings 5:22-27, Gehazi lied to Naaman and then to Elisha;
- In Acts 5:1-10, Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Holy Spirit;
- In Ac 6:11, 13 Ac 25:7, Some Jews persuaded others to lie about Stephen and Paul.
Lying is the hallmark of the devil and the antichrist:
- “Who is a liar but he who denies that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist who denies the Father and the Son.” (1 John 2:22, NKJV)
- “And he deceives those who dwell on the earth—by those signs which he was granted to do in the sight of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who was wounded by the sword and lived.” (Revelation 13:14, NKJV)
Satan is the source of both the first and final lie in the Bible, and they are both consequential to human lives: The first one brought death; the last lie –eternal death, culminating in the Lake of fire.
- The First Lie — “Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” (Genesis 3:4–5, NKJV)
- The Last Lie — “Now when the thousand years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea. They went up on the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city. And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them. The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.” (Revelation 20:7–10, NKJV)
 The Father of wicked men (your father, spoken to evil men) — see Joh 8:44
 King of death — “Inasmuch then as the children have partaken of flesh and blood, He Himself likewise shared in the same, that through death He might destroy him who had the power of death, that is, the devil,” (Hebrews 2:14, NKJV)
“But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” (Genesis 2:17, NKJV) “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned—” (Romans 5:12, NKJV)
He is called the King of death because by successfully tempting Adam, the devil helped to bring about both physical and spiritual death upon all mankind.
- Physical death — “The days of our lives are seventy years; And if by reason of strength they are eighty years, Yet their boast is only labor and sorrow; For it is soon cut off, and we fly away.” (Psalm 90:10, NKJV)
- Spiritual death — “But the cowardly, unbelieving, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers, idolaters, and all liars shall have their part in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone, which is the second death.”” (Revelation 21:8, NKJV)
 Leviathan, “one who dwells in the sea of humanity”— “In that day the Lord with His severe sword, great and strong, will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent; And He will slay the reptile that is in the sea.” (Isaiah 27:1, NKJV)
Facts about Leviathan:
- A large sea creature (Job 41).
- Created by God (Psa. 104:26).
- God’s power exhibited in destroying Leviathan (Psa. 74:14).
- Illustrative of powerful and cruel kings (Isa. 27:1).
- Illustrative of power and severity of God (Job 41:10).
- Illustrative of the cruel enemies of God’s people (Ps. 74:13–14; Is. 27:1).
- God’s power, exhibited in destroying Leviathan (Psa. 74:14).
- Leviathan represents a cruel enemy defeated by God (Job 3:8).
- In judgment day, God “will punish Leviathan the fleeing serpent, Leviathan that twisted serpent; And He will slay the reptile that is in the sea.” (Isaiah 27:1, NKJV)
Leviathan. “In the other Bible texts Leviathan seems to be depicted under the figure of a primeval monster, a creature that symbolizes an antidivine power, and therefore is destroyed by God. In Ps 74:14 God is said to have broken “the heads of leviathan in pieces.” In Is 27:1 (RSV) Leviathan is called the “fleeing serpent,” the “twisting serpent.”
The ancient Mesopotamian Creation myth describes a primeval conflict between the gods and a dragon of chaos. The myth seems to indicate that there existed in the heathen world a somewhat corrupted picture of the contest in heaven between Satan, “that old serpent,” and God, a contest that preceded the Fall on earth, and ends with the destruction of Satan (Gen 3:15; Rev 12:3, 4, 9). These references to Leviathan in Ps and Is, clothed in poetic imagery, were doubtless generally understood as literary allusions, and were doubtless clearer to their ancient hearers than they are to us.” [Siegfried H. Horn, The Seventh-day Adventist Bible Dictionary, 1979, 668–669].
 The god of this age (world in AV) — “whose minds the god of this age has blinded, who do not believe, lest the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine on them.” (2 Corinthians 4:4, NKJV)
 Morning star, son of the dawn (Lucifer in AV) — “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations!” (Isaiah 14:12, NKJV)
 Murderer — “You are of your father the devil, and the desires of your father you want to do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaks a lie, he speaks from his own resources, for he is a liar and the father of it.” (John 8:44, NKJV)
 The ruler/ prince of this world — “Now is the judgment of this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out.” (John 12:31, NKJV) “I will no longer talk much with you, for the ruler of this world is coming, and he has nothing in Me.” (John 14:30, NKJV)
 The Ruler (or prince) of the kingdom (or powers) of the air — “And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins, in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience,” (Ephesians 2:1–2, NKJV)
 Ruler of the demons — “Now when the Pharisees heard it they said, “This fellow does not cast out demons except by Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons.”” (Matthew 12:24, NKJV)
“And the scribes who came down from Jerusalem said, “He has Beelzebub,” and, “By the ruler of the demons He casts out demons.”” (Mark 3:22, NKJV) “But some of them said, “He casts out demons by Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons.”” (Luke 11:15, NKJV)
 Roaring lion — “Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.” (1 Peter 5:8, NKJV)
As an angel of light, Satan is a wolf in sheep’s clothing. As a roaring lion, he wears his own clothing.
 Satan — “Now Satan stood up against Israel, and moved David to number Israel.” (1 Chronicles 21:1, NKJV)
 The Serpent: Prophecy, Apocalyptic → Dragon (Satan), Woman and Child, Michael”) See Gen 3:1–4; Ge 3:13–15; Rev 12:9
 Serpent of old — “So the great dragon was cast out, that serpent of old, called the Devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was cast to the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.” (Revelation 12:9, NKJV) “He laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years;” (Revelation 20:2, NKJV)
 Son of the morning — “How you are fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How you are cut down to the ground, You who weakened the nations!” (Isaiah 14:12, NKJV)
How tragic to realize this mighty and magnificent angel who was originally created to serve as Son of the morning will someday be eternally condemned to outer darkness, the lake of fire.
- “And the angels who did not keep their proper domain, but left their own abode, He has reserved in everlasting chains under darkness for the judgment of the great day;” (Jude 6, NKJV)
- “The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and the false prophet are. And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.” (Revelation 20:10, NKJV)
 The Slanderer: Satan → The Devil (Gr. Diabolos) the slanderer; used 33 times in NT.
 Spirit that is now working in the sons of disobedience (Eph. 2:2)
 The Thief — “The thief does not come except to steal, and to kill, and to destroy. I have come that they may have life, and that they may have it more abundantly.” (John 10:10, NKJV)
- Satan’s number one priority is to make you measurable, to steal your purpose, passion and faith in God. “Since the Garden, our true identities have been hijacked–stolen by Satan. We’ve fallen prey to the subtle, believable lies of the enemy that we are inadequate, powerless, ineffective. As a result, God’s purposes for our lives are short-circuited.”
- … “The enemy has shattered our understanding that we are made in the image and likeness of God. When we grasp the truth of who we are in Christ, we can walk with him into the realm of power reserved for each of God’s children. We can do the things Jesus commanded us to do–heal the sick, rout demons, deliver the captives. The thief comes to steal, kill, and destroy. Don’t let him. Reclaim your true identity and live a life of purpose, passion, and power” (Robby Dawkins, Identity Thief: Exposing Satan’s Plan to Steal Your Purpose, Passion and Power)
 Wicked one — “When anyone hears the word of the kingdom, and does not understand it, then the wicked one comes and snatches away what was sown in his heart. This is he who received seed by the wayside.” (Matthew 13:19, NKJV)
 The Tempter — “For this reason, when I could no longer endure it, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter had tempted you, and our labor might be in vain.” (1 Thessalonians 3:5, NKJV)
DEVOTIONAL IMPLICATION: “Now when the tempter came to Him, he said, “If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread.” (Matthew 4:3, NKJV) “Devil” in Greek means “accuser”; in Hebrew, the word “Satan” means the same (4:10). The devil tempted Eve in the Garden of Eden, and here he tempted Jesus in the wilderness. Satan is a fallen archangel. He is a real, created being, not symbolic, and is constantly fighting against those who follow and obey God. The verb “to be tempted” describes continuous action because Jesus was tempted constantly during the forty days. The word “tempted” means “to put to the test to see what good or evil, strengths or weaknesses, exist in a person.” The Spirit compelled Jesus into the wilderness where God put Jesus to the test—not to see if Jesus was ready, but to show that he was ready for his mission. Satan, however, had other plans; he hoped to thwart Jesus’ mission by tempting Jesus to do evil. Satan tried to get Jesus to declare his kingship prematurely. Satan tried to get Jesus to take his messianic power into his own hands and to forsake his Father’s will. If Jesus had given in, his mission on earth—to die for our sins and give us the opportunity to have eternal life—would have been lost. For more on Satan, see 1 Chronicles 21:1; Job 1–2; Zechariah 3:1–2; Luke 10:18; Revelation 20.”
KNOW THE ENEMY, KNOW THE METHOD
Satan, the archenemy of all believers, has been tempting people to turn from God since the first woman on earth listened to his lies. Interestingly enough, his methods have never really changed. He tempted Eve in the Garden of Eden, Jesus in the wilderness, and tempts us in our daily lives. When we know how he attacks, we can be prepared.
How Satan tempted …
|Jesus||Eve||Us (see 1 John 2:16)|
|Turn stones to bread to eat||Fruit would be good to eat||Lust of the flesh|
|Prove his divine sonship||Gain wisdom so as to be like God||Pride of life|
|Obtain all he could see||Look at the fruit and see that it looks tasty||Lust of the eyes|
The devil’s temptations focused on three crucial areas: (1) physical needs and desires, (2) possessions and power, and (3) pride (see 1 John 2:15–16 for a similar list). This temptation by the devil shows us that Jesus was human, and it gave Jesus the opportunity to reaffirm God’s plan for his ministry. It also gives us an example to follow when we are tempted. Jesus’ temptation was an important demonstration of his sinlessness. He faced temptation and did not give in.” [Bruce B. Barton, Matthew, Life Application Bible Commentary, (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 1996), 54-56].
THE GOSPEL’S VOICE: “Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.” (1 Peter 5:8, NKJV)
Beloved, the devil is real! Jesus believes in him, the Bible believes in him, God believes in him, therefore, he must be real! He is the Adversary!
He is still the same old devil that he always was and he hates you and wants to see you stumble, fall, and loose the everlasting life. The sooner you will come to realize the truth of Satan’s danger, tactics, and reality; the sooner you will see the need to strengthen your walks (watchfulness) with the Lord.
ACTION STEP: What response do you think this lesson should inspires us to do?  Be Sober — Be serious about the Devil’s reality!
 Be Vigilant — Keep careful watch for possible temptations, danger or trials. “Above all, taking the shield of faith with which you will be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked one.” (Ephesians 6:16, NKJV)
 Know whom you are dealing with: The enemy, the Adversary — He is the chief opponent in your daily contest or conflict between right and wrong, heaven and earth, life and death, eternal life/ condemnation.
 Beware: He is like a roaring lion – (a hungry lion roaring to frighten and to catch its prey)—the Devil is coming after you, he will frighten you to abandon the faith, abandon God and fall into his trap.
Remember: He does not sleep, He doesn’t get tired, and He walks about, that is, seeking various means to corner his prey.
Beloved, we ought not be lazy in our faith/ devotion to God, but maintain discipline, self-control, steadfastness, and prayer. Remember to fall into Satan’s snares doesn’t happen overnight. It is a gradual process. “The safest road to Hell is the gradual one—the gentle slope, soft underfoot, without sudden turnings, without milestones, without signposts” (C. S. Lewis).
We must therefore study God’s Word always, and pray earnestly in order to win the battle before us. Amen.
Have a Blessed Day: “Therefore let us not sleep, as others do, but let us watch and be sober.” (1 Thessalonians 5:6, NKJV) “Therefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and rest your hope fully upon the grace that is to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;” (1 Peter 1:13, NKJV) “But the end of all things is at hand; therefore be serious and watchful in your prayers.” (1 Peter 4:7, NKJV)
The Gospel’s Voice/ Bible Study Guide/ Doctrine of Angels: Satan/ Lesson # 15.