Isaiah 2: Bible Study Guide.


A Worship Guide corresponding with the today’s Bible Reading Plan: Isaiah 2/ Theme: “Come, let us go up to the Mountain of the Lord”/ 23-BSG-2A, (Isaiah 2:2-5)/ Hymn: “Tis almost time for the Lord to come.” (SDAH 212)

EXPLORATION: Missionaries: Inviting others to embrace the Gospel — (Isa. 2:3; Ps. 34:8; 2 Kings 7:9; Is 52:7; John 4:17-18, 25, 29; John 1: 46, 41-49; 16:30; Mt 12:23; Mt 28:19-20; Rev. 22:17)

REFLECTION: This chapter begins a long discussion on the future God’s Kingdom and His Tempe; the Day of the LORD, and the Restoration of Israel (Isaiah 2:1–4:6). Chapter 2 can be divided as follows — The Era: The last days (Isa 2:2a); the exaltation of God’s kingdom (Isa 2:2); the purpose of God’s kingdom on Earth (Isa 2:3-4); the appeal to believers: To walk in the light, (the righteousness) of the LORD (Isa 2:5). The reminder of the chapter discusses the future Day of the LORD, and His Terrifying Judgment (Isa 2:6-22).

DEVOTIONAL IMPLICATION: This poem [Isaiah 2:2-5] is rooted in the universalism of the Abrahamic promise (Gen. 12:2–3; 22:16–18). The purpose of God’s kingdom on Earth (2:3-4) is to attract and invite the unsaved to the LORD; to arouse all people to hear and heed God’s Word; and to bring peace to the earth. Notice that the result will be a Universal Missionary Work — “Many people shall come and say, “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, To the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, And we shall walk in His paths.” For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem.” (Isaiah 2:3, NKJV). “The Gentile nations would say to one another, “Let us go speedily to pray before the Lord, and to seek the Lord” (Zech. 8:21, 22), and to Israel, “We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you” (Zech. 8:23). This promise of the ingathering of the nations to worship the true God was never fulfilled to literal Israel, owing to their failure to meet the requisite conditions, but will be fulfilled, spiritually, to God’s people in this generation.” (SDA BC 4:105).

Beloved, “if the world is ever to say Come, let us go up (3), the Lord’s people must heed the call Come … let us walk (5): the first requirement in evangelism is to have a church that is worth joining!” (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries). When your neighbors/ co-workers see you, do they find anything attractive in you? — Your conduct, actions, words, integrity, etc. Is there anything in your life (as Christ’s disciple) worth imitating? God is looking for a people, a faithful remnant who would point others to Christ, to His Law, to His Word; to His ongoing work in the heavenly Sanctuary; and Yes, to His Second Coming! Are you among the faithful? Are you walking in the light of His Word?

THE GOSPEL’S VOICE: This section is written as if God were speaking directly to you—Because He does. What does the Lord say to me this morning? My son, Jesus Christ is coming soon (Rev 1:7) but many people have not herd the gospel and make decision for Christ. Would you join in on this effort of proclaiming the Gospel far and wide? Would you “Go” quickly out in the streets and lanes; And in the broad highway, And call the maimed, the halt and blind, etc.. to be ready for the breaking of the day? Secondly, I am inviting you now to come to Me: I will teach you My ways, and cause you to walk in My paths (2:3b). I will cleanse you and seal you for the Kingdom of glory to come. Would you surrender all and come to Me?

My Desire: By God’s grace, I want to be a Lesson Book for Christ (Mt 5:16). By my actions, I want to attract and invite as many people as I can to the LORD; to arouse all people to hear and heed the gospel.

Have A Blessed Day: “O house of Jacob, come and let us walk in the light of the Lord.” (Isaiah 2:5, NKJV) “For you were once darkness, but now you are light in the Lord. Walk as children of light” (Ephesians 5:8, NKJV)


A Prayer Guide corresponding with the today’s Bible Reading Plan: Isaiah 2/ Theme: Walk In The Light / 23-BSG-2B, (Isaiah 2:5)/ Key Text: “O house of Jacob, come and let us walk in the light of the LORD.” (Isaiah 2:5, NKJV)/ Hymn: Brightly beams our Father’s mercy [Author: P. P. Bliss (1871)]

Opening Remarks: The first exhortation: walk with the Lord (Compare a second exhortation in Isa. 2:22). “In the light means in the light of the Lord’s favour (Num. 6:25), his presence and care (Ps. 27), his truth (Ps. 43:3) and his revealed word (Ps. 119:105).” (Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries)

Who is the Light of the LORD? Jesus Christ. In Him the light of the knowledge of the glory of God is given (2 Cor. 4:6), and the glory of all the perfections of the divine nature is displayed. He is the very light that dwells with God, He was sent forth by Him; He came into this world as the light sent from above. Jesus Christ is the “radiance and only expression of the glory of God (reflecting God’s Shekinah glory, the Light-being, the brilliant light of the divine), and the exact representation and perfect imprint of His Father’s essence,” (Heb. 1:3). He is the Light given to the Gentiles. He is the author of all light; of corporeal light: the sun, moon, and stars. He is the Light of the Gospel of the grace of God. He is the spiritual light of grace in the hearts of His people. He is the light of eternal glory: “The city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light.” (Rev. 21:23)

Beloved, to walk in this Light is to walk by faith in Jesus, to go on in believing teachings of Him, and to imitate Him. To walk in the light of the Gospel simply means: to embrace it, profess it, hold it fast, and hold it forth; and to walk as it prescribes and guides.

As we come to the today’s Prayer Session, we are invited to — “walk as children of light” (Eph. 5:8); to walk wisely and circumspectly; worthy of the vocation of God, of the grace He calls by, and the kingdom He calls us into. Christ is calling each one of us to abstain from sin and walk in the newness of life; to share the light of the gospel and “the Blessed Hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ” (Tit 2:13). Please note that when we are fully converted, just before Christ comes, “the whole earth will be illuminated with God’s glory” (Rev. 18:1) “Despite satanic efforts to shroud the earth in darkness, God [will] now sets it ablaze with the glorious light of saving truth (John 1:4, 9)” – (SDA BC 7:860). Are you ready to be a little light for Jesus?

Values To Build On: Faith, Prayer, Walking in the light of the LORD.

Sins To Avoid/ Confess: Failure to fully submit to God and follow His will; Not living the godly life; Superstition; Divination; Making pacts with the ungodly (Isa. 2:6); Trusting in material things, riches; Trusting in one’s own strength, power (Isa 2:7); Idolatry (Isa 2:8); Pride; Failure to heed exhortations→ Do not esteem man (above God, Isa 2:22)

Something To Thank God For: Jesus: The Light of the World; Kingdom of God on Earth; Universality in knowledge of God; Missionaries who are committed with the work of the gospel.

People To Pray For: Backsliders (Backsliding of believers); Pray for all Believers to walk in the Light. “But if we walk in the light as He is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus Christ His Son cleanses us from all sin.” (1 John 1:7, NKJV)

Issues To Pray For: Book of Isaiah; Access to God; Promise of the Day of Yahweh; Freedom of worship (divine assembly); Excellency and Glory of the Church; Reverence (godly fear); Immanuel (God’s presence with us); Reproofs and Exhortations in Isaiah; Preparation for the coming Judgment; Christian conduct in the Last Days; Missionaries: all Christians to serve as Missionaries (Total Member Involvement); Peace; Sorrow for sin; Salvation (the Heathen to be saved); Temple (our bodies as Temple of the Holy Spirit); Word of God to prevail; Zeal in doing God’s work.

Today’s Promise: “Then Jesus spoke to them again, saying, “I am the light of the world. He who follows Me shall not walk in darkness, but have the light of life.”” (John 8:12, NKJV)

Action Step: Take a moment to Examine Yourself: Do you see any Specific Sins listed above in your life? If Yes; Confess and Repent right away. Remember – “Sins that have not been repented of and forsaken will not be pardoned, and blotted out of the books of record, but will stand to witness against the sinner in the day of God.” (The Faith I Live By, p. 211). Take a moment to pray for Issues listed above; Pray for someone who is struggling with these sins. If you have a Prayer Request(s), kindly write it below and someone will pray for it. God Bless You!


Characters: God, Isaiah/ Key Word: Last days, (Isaiah 2:2)/ Striking Verses: Isaiah 2:1, 2-5, 12, 13, 14-18, 19, 20, 21-22.

Important Words (NKJV):

  • [Isa. 2.3] “the law” (Heb. torah) = doctrine, teaching, instructions.
  • [Isa. 2:4] “He shall Judge” (Heb. spt) = judge, pass judgment, administer justice, rule
  • [Isa. 2:4] “Nation/ Nations” (Heb. goy) = people, pagan, heathen
  • [Isa. 2:5] “the LORD” (Heb. yhwh) =Yahweh
  • [Isa.  2:9, 11, 17] “humbled, brough low” (Heb. spl) = bring low, overthrow, abase, humiliate
  • [Isa. 2:10] “bow down” (Heb. shh) = cower, crouch, be bent over, muffed sounds, demolish

Issues For Further Study: Characteristics of kingdom of God; Coming of kingdom of God; First/ Second Coming of Messiah; Messianic age; Glory (Majesty) of God; God as judge; God the Lord; God’s goal of unity; Human race and God; Millennium; Mission of Jesus Christ; Will of God in the OT

Commentaries by Theme: Micah 4:1-3; Jer 17:5; Isa 27:13; Lk 24:47; Ps 146:3; Jer 3:17; Acts 2:17; Isa 13:6; Joel 1:15; Isa 56:7.

Similar Commands: Mic 4:1-3; Lk 23:30; Dt 18:10-14; Hosea 10:8; Rev 6:15-16; Jer 31:6; 50:5; Job 40:13

Theophanies: Mic 1:3; Ps. 18:6-15; Hab 3:3-14; Joel 3:16


“Isaiah 2:5–21 concentrates on the religious situation and the failure of the false gods; 3:1–4:1 reviews the collapse of ordered society because of underlying moral failure. The bracket or inclusion around this is formed by two beautiful poems, beginning with what Zion was meant to be (2:2–4) and ending with what Zion will yet be (4:2–6). Chapters 2–4 match chapter 1, not only in content but also in underlying philosophy. The work of man is always unto destruction, with an apparent inevitability: objectives like making money (2:7ab), or security through armaments (2:7cd), contribute as much to the coming day of judgment as do making and worshipping false gods (2:8); humankind’s best endeavours to construct a secure society come under divine ‘deconstruction’ (3:1–7) because of the unrecognized seriousness of sins of speech (3:8), and what might be thought of as the harmless luxury of a well-furnished wardrobe (3:16–23) in fact reflects frivolous and worldly vain-gloriousness. But the Lord is never nonplussed. Zion comes under inescapable wrath but Zion will be redeemed. The Lord will yet realize the ideal which his people corrupted.” [J. Alec Motyer, Isaiah: An Introduction and Commentary, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries, (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1999), 20:57–58].


SEEING WHAT’S THERE — [1] What is the main content of this chapter?

[2] What does the chapter say about God?

CAPTURE THE ESSENCE: — [3] What are the last days? (2:2) – literary “the last parts of the days”. The last parts of the days began with the first coming of Christ (Heb 9:26; 1 Cor 10:11). This period will end with Christ’s second coming. The phrase is used in the OT for the time when messianic salvation would be accomplished. In the NT the phrase clearly applies to that time after the first advent (Acts 2:17; Heb 1:2; Jas 5:3; 1 Pet 1:5, 20; 2 Pet 3:3; 1 Jn 2:18).

[4] What is the mountain of the house of Yahweh? (2:2) Mount Zion.

[5] Why was it called the highest of the mountains? (2:2) “Psalm 48:1–2 refers to Zion as God’s holy mountain and praises its height. The image of Jerusalem or Zion as a very high mountain also occurs in Psa 78:68–69; Ezek 40:2; and Zech 14:10. Ancient Israelites viewed Zion as the superior place to worship in the ancient world.” (Faithlife Study Bible)

[4] From where will the law and the word of the LORD go forth? (3) From Zion.

[5] What will be the role of the Lord’s temple (the church) in the last days? (2:2–3)

  • It will be the most vital and important place on earth: People will stream to it
  • It will attract and invite people to the LORD
  • It will arouse people to hear and heed God’s Word
  • It will bring peace to the earth: They shall beat their swords into ploughshares

[6] What will the nations learn no more? (2:4e) War – “Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war anymore.”

[7] Does this prophecy mean the world is going to get better instead of worse? (2:4) “Certainly—when Christ returns. Some see this prophecy as a description of a future reign of Christ on the earth. Others view the peace described in this passage as fulfilled in a spiritual sense through the coming of Christ and the inauguration of God’s kingdom, which will then be culminated when Christ returns. Though we know that eventually God will remove all sin and thus the causes of wars and other conflicts, we should still work toward that day, helping people and nations reconcile their differences (Mt 5:9; Jas 3:18).” (NIV Quest Study Bible).

[8] What are superstitions and divination? (2:6) A Superstition is any belief or behavior based upon one’s trust in luck or other irrational, unscientific, or supernatural forces; Divination is the attempt to gain insight into a question or situation by way of an occultic, standardized process or ritual (Wikipedia).

“The Philistines used signs, omens, and other natural phenomena to foretell the future. Israel’s reliance on magic and divination violated their covenant with Yahweh. The Philistines were Israel’s neighbors to the west on the Mediterranean coast.” (Faithlife Study Bible)

[9] How did materialism and militarism impact Judah? (2:7–8) They misplaced their faith in human-made idols that had no power, hence silver, gold, treasures, horses, and chariots. “They worshiped the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made.”

[10] Why did Isaiah ask God to not forgive Judah? (2:9) Because of pride. They did not humble themselves—they were proud and lofty then—but one day, would be humbled at the coming of the Lord (Isa. 2:10–12).

“When “the day of the Lord” (v. 12) comes, sinners will have passed the time of their probation and will be beyond repentance (see Hosea 13:14; cf. Heb. 9:28). God cannot forgive them because they do not desire forgiveness.” (SDA BC 4:109).

[11] What is the day God has in store for all the proud and lofty? (2:12) “Pride goeth before destruction, and an haughty spirit before a fall” (Prov. 16:18). “Pride turned men against God and led them to oppress their fellow men. Pride leads men to array themselves against God, forcing Him to become their enemy. Consequently, the might of heaven is arrayed against them. It is only a question of time till they perish, together with all their works. Isaiah saw the professed people of God vaunting themselves and glorying in their own achievements; he also saw them humbled in the dust before the Creator in the great day of the Lord.” (SDA BC 4:110).

[12] Why would God humble trees and mountains? (2:12–17) “Until our era of skyscrapers and high towers, nothing on earth was more prominent than a high mountain or a very large tree, depending on the topography of a region. Isaiah said that these symbols of greatness and endurance would be humbled, meaning possibly destroyed, in the day when only the Lord would be exalted.” (NIV Quest Study Bible Notes)

[13] Who will be exalted? (2:17) The Lord alone will be exalted in that day.


TO THINK ABOUT AND DISCUSS – [1] What are the most memorable images presented through the words of this chapter?

[2] What vision of a future day does Isaiah see in verses 1-4?

[3] What does Isaiah ask God’s people to do in verse 5?

[4] What sins and failures are outlined in verses 6-9?

[5] How would you summarize the most important truths revealed in this chapter about God’s purpose and plans for His people?

FOR FURTHER STUDY: [6] “For the day of the Lord of hosts Shall come upon everything proud and lofty, Upon everything lifted up— And it shall be brought low—” (Isaiah 2:12, NKJV) “The defining sin of people is pride—the tendency to rely on ourselves or things we acquire and create rather than God. Pride ultimately results in judgment. Isaiah opens with a general statement about the universal nature of pride in v. 12, and expands with nine examples of natural and human-made symbols that often are lifted up as replacements for God.” Discuss the nine examples listed in vv. 12-18.

FOR SELF-EXAMINATION [7] When God’s judgment comes, all the things people arrogantly rely on—military might, foreign alliances, economic strength, and religious ritual—will fall short. God alone will be recognized as the one who can be relied upon

FOR LIFE TODAY: “Cease to trust in [weak, frail, and dying] man, whose breath is in his nostrils [for so short a time]; in what sense can he be counted as having intrinsic worth?” (Isaiah 2:22, AMP)

This the second and last exhortation in this chapter. The first exhortation was “walk with the Lord” (see Isa. 2:5, 22). Cease to trust in [weak, frail, and dying] man! “If such is to be the fate of evil men, why trust longer in them? God’s people were trusting in their own cleverness and in the assistance of their heathen neighbors. They ought to turn to God and find in Him in their help and strength.

The import of the words, “Cease ye from man,” is similar to that of Christ’s admonition to His disciples as recorded in Matt. 10:17, “Beware of men.” Again and again God warned Israel not to place their trust in human strength, either their own or that of such neighboring nations as Egypt and Assyria, but rather to have confidence in what He could and would do for them, if faithful to Him. As at the Red Sea, at Jericho, and before the gates of Jerusalem in the days of Sennacherib, God proved the sufficiency of divine power.” (SDA BC 411)

[8] Why must we cease to put our trust in man? Because when his breath leaves him, life ceases. “People must breathe to live. God breathed life into the first man, Adam (Gen 2:7). God alone can be a lasting help because as an eternal being, He is not limited by death. He is the one who can take away breath and give it. Compare Job 7:7.” (Faithlife Study Bible) Why would you depend upon frail, mortal beings for help when God promises to provide guidance and strength?

FOR GOING DEEPER – [9] In what ways is John’s vision of the New Jerusalem in Rev 21 a fulfillment of Isaiah’s prophetic words in the first four verses of this chapter?

PERSONAL IMPLICATIONS: [10] How would you summarize what this chapter tells us most about God’s purpose and plan for His people?


A Night Though corresponding with the today’s Bible Reading Plan: Isaiah 2/ Theme: The Last Days’ Glorious Zion: The Messianic Zion / 23-BSG-2Y, (Isaiah 2:2-5)/ Hymn: Come, we that love the Lord, and let our joys be known (SDAH 422)

Isaiah 2:2–5 (NKJV)2 Now it shall come to pass in the latter days That the mountain of the Lord’s house Shall be established on the top of the mountains, And shall be exalted above the hills; And all nations shall flow to it. 3 Many people shall come and say, “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, To the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach us His ways, And we shall walk in His paths.” For out of Zion shall go forth the law, And the word of the Lord from Jerusalem. 4 He shall judge between the nations, And rebuke many people; They shall beat their swords into plowshares, And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they learn war anymore. 5 O house of Jacob, come and let us walk In the light of the Lord.

EXPLORATION: Promise of a Glorious City: the mountain of Yahweh’s house (Isaiah 2:2-5).

ZION’S EXALTATION: [1] Timeframe (2:2a): It shall come to pass in the last days… Isaiah looked beyond the temporal judgment on Jerusalem to the last days (lit., the last parts of the days). The last parts of the days began with the first coming of Christ (Heb 9:26; 1 Cor 10:11). This period will end with Christ’s second coming. The phrase is used in the OT for the time when messianic salvation would be accomplished. In the NT the phrase clearly applies to that time after the first advent (Acts 2:17; Heb 1:2; Jas 5:3; 1 Pet 1:5, 20; 2 Pet 3:3; 1 Jn 2:18).

[2] Focal point (2:2b): the mountain of Yahweh’s house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and it will be lifted up above the hills. The mountain of Yahweh’s house is the mountain occupied by God’s temple. Isaiah sees that mountain exalted above all others. Mountains often symbolize kingdoms in prophecy. The temple mount here indicates that God’s kingdom is spiritual. The verse stresses the spiritual preeminence of Mount Zion. It is the sole source of divine teaching for the nations. Elevation of Mount Zion is portrayed also in other prophecies (Ezek 40:2; Zech 14:10; cf. Isa 68:15-18). The verb established connotes security and permanence.

[3] Action (2:2c): All nations shall flow unto it. The prominent position of Mount Zion attracts other nations. Gentiles will stream to that holy mount, just as they streamed into Babylon in Jeremiah’s day (Jer 51:44). The verb suggests the movement of a mighty river. That river, however, is flowing up hill. It will not be without difficulty that Gentiles embrace the God of the Bible. The prophets compared the major oppressors of OT Jerusalem to great rivers (cf. 8:6-8). Here the river flowing into Jerusalem is a stream of Gentile converts.

ZION’S ATTRACTIVENESS: [1] Enthusiasm (2:3a): Many people shall come and say, “Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the Lord.” The language conveys enthusiasm. Many peoples— various nationalities and languages—will eagerly encourage one another to go up to Yahweh’s mountain (Mount Zion), the house (temple) of God. The reference is to the messianic Mount Zion (Heb 12:22) and to the NT temple, the church of Christ.

[2] Explanation (2:3b): that he may teach us some of his ways and that we may walk in his paths. In OT times foreigners usually approached Jerusalem intent on plunder and subjugation. Isaiah pictures them coming in the messianic age because they know that in Mount Zion their spiritual hunger will be satisfied. The passage says nothing about the messianic King, but earlier prophecies spoke of his installation on Mount Zion (Ps 2:6). Zion is the source of spiritual truth. Gentiles hunger to know even some of the ways of Israel’s God. They desire to walk in his paths, i.e., live their lives by his precepts. In 1:10 Israelites rebel against Yahweh’s word; here Gentiles eagerly seek it out.

ZION’S MISSION (2:3b): For from Zion instruction shall go out, and Yahweh’s word from Jerusalem. Gentile interest in Zion is stimulated by the evangelistic ministry of those who already reside there. Zion will be the center of religious instruction for the whole world. From messianic Zion the instruction (torah) and word of Yahweh go forth. Someone must carry forth that message. The reference is to those preachers who carry the message of the gospel into the world.

DEVOTIONAL IMPLICATION: Mountain of Jehovah’s house (ASV), Isa 2:2 is “Mount Moriah (which came to be called Zion), on which Solomon’s Temple was built. But the literal Temple was a type of the spiritual temple—the NT Church, or body of Christ (Eph 2:21), the beacon light of divine testimony to the world. The gathering of the nations to Jerusalem in eager faith therefore signifies the conversion of the Gentiles. But since this scene is said to occur in the last days, and since we are taught by other Scriptures that the Kingdom of God will finally overcome all the kingdoms of this world, we must therefore look to the time of Christ’s return, at the end of our present age, for the ultimate fulfillment of this prophecy. In this verse we are granted a glimpse of God’s final goal for Israel and for the human race. The Kingdom of God will be exalted above [the hills] the kingdoms of this world (Dan 2:35).” [Charles F. Pfeiffer, The Wycliffe Bible Commentary: Old Testament, (Chicago: Moody Press, 1962), Is 2:2].

From Zion’s glorious future, Isaiah returns to Zion’s inglorious present. Exhortation: (2:5): O house of Jacob, come and let us walk in the light of Yahweh. Isaiah used the exciting picture of Zion’s future attractiveness to encourage his contemporaries to walk in the light of Yahweh. God’s people were walking in darkness, i.e., they were ignoring God’s word. If in the future the Gentiles come to Yahweh, how much the more ought Israel to walk in that light that is her heritage.

Have A Good Night: “After these things I saw another angel coming down from heaven, having great authority, and the earth was illuminated with his glory.” (Revelation 18:1, NKJV)


Is there a prayer for me to pray/echo in this chapter-(Isaiah 2)? Yes.

Father, we thank You for Your word in Isaiah 2. We thank You for the Hope in this chapter, that many people will hear the gospel and come to You. Help us to be those divinely sent Missionaries who will proclaim the gospel and attract many to Jesus Christ. Forgive us Lord of the sins listed in this chapter. And while we have the Light (Jesus Christ), may You help us to “believe in the Light, that we may become sons of Light.” (John 12:36). Teach us how to “walk as children of light” (Eph. 5:8). Help us to make it into that glorious city –where “the nations of those who are saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it.” (Rev. 21:24) We thank You Lord, and ask these things, believing and trusting, in the name of Jesus Christ, Amen.