Jeremiah 22: Questions and Answers.

November 17, 2020 in Today's Q&A by TGV

Bible Study Guide/ Jeremiah 22, (24-BSG-22J)/ Questions And Answers.


 

[1] How does the LORD remind the wicked rulers of their obligation to do what is just and right? (22:3) “Thus says the Lord: Do justice and righteousness, and deliver from the hand of the oppressor him who has been robbed. And do no wrong or violence to the resident alien, the fatherless, and the widow, nor shed innocent blood in this place.” (Jeremiah 22:3, ESV)

“Because of his position and influence, the king was supposed to be an example to the people in his observance of God’s laws (see Deut 17:18–20). He was expected to be a protector of the weak and defenseless (the robbed, alien, fatherless, and widow; cf. Jer 7:6; Deut 10:18–19). He also was warned not to shed innocent blood (see 7:6). The Mosaic law was unique in ancient times for its concern for the oppressed and helpless (Exod 22:23–24; Deut 10:12–11:32).” [F. B. Huey, Jeremiah, Lamentations, The New American Commentary, (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1993), 16:203–204].

[2] “But if you will not hear these words, I swear by Myself,” says the Lord, “that this house shall become a desolation.”  Why did God swear by himself? (22:5; cf. Heb. 6:13) “An oath was validated by invoking a deity as a witness. Yahweh swears on Himself, since there is no other greater power to swear by.” (Faithlife Study Bible, Jer. 22:5). Note: A synonymous expression is, “As I live, saith Jehovah” (Jer. 22:24).

[3] Why did the LORD allow Jerusalem to be destroyed? (9) “Because [the people] forsook the covenant or solemn pledge with the Lord their God and worshiped other gods and served them.” (Jeremiah 22:9, AMP)

[4] Who was Shallum and what would happen to him? (10-12). Properly ‘King Shallum’ or Jehoahaz. He was the son of Josiah king of Judah. He was condemned to die in exile, for he would ‘never return’ (2 Kings 24:17–20); He had been made king by the people, but removed and exiled by Necro of Egypt, (2 Kings 23:31–33); He was doomed to die in Egypt: “the place where they led him captive.”

[5] “Weep not for the dead, nor bemoan him; Weep bitterly for him who goes away, For he shall return no more, Nor see his native country.” (Jeremiah 22:10, NKJV). Who are the persons alluded to in these words?

“Jeremiah had composed laments in honor of the beloved Josiah (2 Chr 35:25). Now the Lord gave orders not to weep for Josiah. Rather, they should weep for the one who had been exiled and would never return to Judah. These words could apply to Jehoiachin (2 Kgs 24:15) or Zedekiah (2 Kgs 25:7), but the following verse indicates Shallum was intended. Shallum, also known by his throne name Jehoahaz, was the fourth son of Josiah (1 Chr 3:15). He was chosen by the people of the land as Josiah’s successor (2 Chr 36:1). No explanation is given for his choice over his older brothers. He must have been anti-Egyptian, for Pharaoh Neco deposed him after a brief rule of three months and imprisoned him in Egypt, never to return (2 Kgs 23:31–33; 2 Chr 36:2–3).” [F. B. Huey, Jeremiah, Lamentations, The New American Commentary, (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1993), 16:205].

[6] “Did not your father eat and drink, And do justice and righteousness? Then it was well with him.” (Jeremiah 22:15) Who are the persons alluded to? — Answer: The prosperity of Josiah’s reign is compared with the gradual decay of the kingdom of Judah, in the reign of his son Jehoiakim.

[7] What would happen to Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah? What dreadful sentence was pronounced against him? (18-19)  — “They shall not lament for him, Saying, ‘Alas, my brother!’ or ‘Alas, my sister!’ They shall not lament for him, Saying, ‘Alas, master!’ or ‘Alas, his glory!’ He shall be buried with the burial of a donkey, Dragged and cast out beyond the gates of Jerusalem.” (Jeremiah 22:18–19, NKJV)

[8] Who was Coniah? (22:24) —A shorter form of Jeconiah or Jehoiakim (1 Chron. 3:1), found again in Jer. 37:1.

[9] What would happen to Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah? (24-26, 30) Because of wickedness, he was rejected by God. Notice —

  • Even if he were a signet ring of authority on God’s finger, God would remove him (Jer. 22:24);
  • Consequently, he would be handed over to King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.
  • Both he and the queen mother would be exiled to Babylon, (Jer. 22: 26, cf. 13:18–19);
  • He would never return to Jerusalem, (Jer. 22: 27);
  • He would be like a broken pot—useless, worthless—that no one wanted, (Jer. 22: 28);
  • He was condemned by the Word of God Himself, (Jer. 22: 29);
  • No sons would succeed him on the throne; God would treat him as childless, (Jer. 22: 30).
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